ExxonMobil Historical Collection - Page 5
Company (New Jersey), taking advantage of New Jersey law, became the holding company for all Standard Oil interests.
Then in May 1911, after years of continuous legal wrangling, the U.S. Supreme Court declared Standard Oil Company (New Jersey) an "unreasonable" monopoly
and ordered it to dissolve, resulting in 34 distinct and separate companies.
While the collection indeed provides insight into the early activities of Standard Oil, its importance lies in the
documentation of two of the strongest companies to emerge from the 1911 break-up: Standard Oil Company of New York, known as Socony, and Standard Oil Company (New Jersey), commonly called Jersey Standard. Socony, which became Mobil Corporation, and Jersey Standard, later renamed Exxon, spent the next 88 years as tough competitors, forging individual identities and distancing themselves from their origins as Standard Oil companies.
The collection's extensive series of corporate newspapers, magazines, newsletters and other serials, more than 500 unique titles covering over 100
years, document all aspects of the corporations' domestic and foreign operations, from changes in corporate administration to the work occurring at individual refineries and oil platforms. As a resource for historical inquiry, these titles provide specific information about exploration, production and refining in various regions over time. Focusing on places as diverse as Torrance, California, New Zealand and Brazil, the publications document how Mobil, Exxon and their subsidiaries positioned themselves globally and the impact they have had on economies and communities.
Besides detailing the industry itself, the collection is rife