Operator Description Examples
[none] No operator used. king queen
Finds texts that have either king or queen.
"" Used to enclose an exact phrase. "king and queen"
Finds texts that have the exact phrase "king and queen ".
* Wildcard character; used for truncation or to find all forms of a word.

king*
Finds texts with words beginning in king, such as king, kings, kingdom, kingly, etc.

*king
Finds texts with words ending in king, such as barking, honking, ducking, etc.

+ Used before a term; word must be present in all results.

+king queen
Finds all texts with king, whether or not they also have queen.

+king +queen
Finds all texts with both king and queen.

- Used before a term; word must not be present in all results.

-king queen
Finds texts that have queen without king.

-king -queen
Finds texts that have neither king nor queen.