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African American History Resources - detail of Lucia J. Knotts Rhone, Rhone Family Papers

African American History Resources
Business, Professions, and Labor

Abramowitz, Jack, "The Negro in the Agrarian Revolt," Agricultural History 24, no. 1 (January, 1950).

Agreement between the Colored Firemen and the Management of the New Orleans, Texas & Mexico Railway Company, the Beaumont, Sour Lake & Western Railway Company, and the New Iberia & Northern Railroad Company: Effective September 1, 1925, and Superseding All Other Rules and Working Conditions. (United States, 1925?). [See also 1929]

Allen, Ruth A. Chapters in the History of Organized Labor in Texas. (Austin: The University, 1941).

Anderson, Greta, "Bessie Coleman: Flying for the Race," in her More Than Petticoats: Remarkable Texas Women. (Guilford, CN: TwoDot, 2002).

Andrews, Gregg, "Black Working-Class Political Activism and Biracial Unionism: Galveston Longshoremen in Jim Crow Texas, 1919-1921," The Journal of Southern History 74, no. 3 (August, 2008).

Angel, William D., Jr., "Controlling the Workers: The Galveston Dock Workers’ Strike of 1920 and Its Impact on Labor Relations in Texas," East Texas Historical Journal 23, no. 2 (1985).

Apple, Max, "Toe the Line!" Houston City 6, no. 4 (April, 1982). [NBA star Calvin Murphy]

Aptheker, Herbert. The Labor Movement in the South during Slavery. (New York: International Publications, n. d.).

Ashburn, Karl E. "Slavery and Cotton Production in Texas," reprint from Southwestern Social Science Quarterly 14, no. 3 (December, 1933).

Austin Minority Business Directory. (Austin: Austin Minority Economic Development Corporation, 198?– ).

Austin Minority Business Guide. (Austin: Austin Business Journal, 1990–).

Austin Minority Purchasing Council. Membership Directory: March, 1988. (Austin, 1988).

Baldwin, Dan, "The Game Was the Same: African Americans and Baseball: A Dallas Resident Remembers," Legacies: A Historical Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas 6, no. 1 (Spring, 1994).

Banks, Ernie, and Jim Enright. "Mr. Cub." (Chicago: Follett Pub. Co., 1971).

Barr, Alwyn, "Occupational and Geographic Mobility in San Antonio, 1870–1900," Social Science Quarterly 51, no. 2 (September, 1970).

Bauer, David, "The Kingdom and the Glory," Houston City 5, no. 6 (June, 1981). [Boxer George Foreman]

Belli, Anne, "Profile: Hugh Robinson Keeps Fighting the Cityplace Battle," Dallas Business Journal 11, no. 38 (May 9, 1988).

Bessent, Nancy R. E. The Publisher: A Biography of Carter W. Wesley. (Austin [Thesis, University of Texas at Austin] 1981).

[Bessie Coleman] [videorecording]. (United States, 1993). First African American woman pilot.

"Better Negro Farming Makes All Farming Safer," Farm and Ranch 52, no. 17 (September 1, 1933).

Beverly, Bob, "The Negro Ranch Hand," Cattleman 40, no. 12 (May, 1954).

Black Cowboys of Texas. Ed. Sara R. Massey. Introd. Alwyn Barr. (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2000).

Black History Presentation [videorecording]. (Dallas: Lincoln High School, 1986). Interview with photographer R. C. Hickman.

Black Pages (Austin, Tex.). (Austin: Black Pages of Austin, 1996– ).

The Black Registry. (Austin: The Black Registry Pub. Co., 199?– ).

Botson, Michael, "Jim Crow Wearing Steel-Toed Shoes and Safety Glasses: Dual Unionism and the Hughes Tool Company, 1918–1942," Houston Review 16, no. 2 (1995).

__________. Labor, Civil Rights, and the Hughes Tool Company. (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2005).

Bowman, Larry, "Breaking Barriers: David Hoskins and the Integration of the Texas League," in Dallas Reconsidered: Essays in Local History. Michael V. Hazel, ed. (Dallas: Three Forks Press, 1995).

Briggs, V. M., Jr., "The Houston Labor Market," in Negro Employment in the South, Vol. 1. (Washington: U. S. Dept. of Labor, Manpower Administration, 1971).

__________. They Have the Power–We Have the People: The Status of Equal Employment Opportunity in Houston, Texas, 1970; an Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Report. (Washington: US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 1970).

Brophy, William J., "Black Business Development in Texas Cities, 1900–1950," Red River Valley Historical Review 6, no. 2 (Spring, 1981).

Bullock, Henry A. Pathways to the Houston Negro Market. (Ann Arbor, MI: Distr. by J. W. Edwards, 1957).

__________, "Some Readjustments of the Negro Family in 1944 and 1970," Social Science Quarterly 50, no. 4 (March, 1970).

__________, "Some Readjustments of the Texas Negro Family to the Emergency of War," Southwestern Social Science Quarterly 25, no. 2 (September, 1944).

Burns, Richard A. Afro-American Blacksmithing in East Texas. (Austin: [Thesis, University of Texas at Austin] 1984).

Butler, James W., and Barbara A. Rienzo, "The Impact of Affirmative Action: Black Employment in Six Southern Cities," Social Science Quarterly 84, no. 1 (March, 2003).

Caldwell, Kirbyjohn, "[Where I'm From]: Kirbyjohn Caldwell," Texas Monthly 33, no. 12 (December, 2005). [Houston, TX]

Campbell, George, Jr., Ronni Denes, and Catherine Morrison, eds. Access Denied: Race, Ethnicity, and the Scientific Enterprize. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000).

"Campbell Selected No. 1 College, Pro Runner," Texas Sportsworld 1, no. 1 (January, 1985). [Earl Campbell]

Carlson, Paul H., “William R. Shafter: Commanding Black Troops in West Texas,” in The African American Experience in Texas: An Anthology. Ed. by Bruce A. Glasrud and James M. Smallwood. (Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press, 2007).

Carroll, John M. The Struggle of the African-American Athlete in the Early Twentieth Century. (Beaumont: Lamar University, 1990).

Childers, Sam, "William Sidney Pittman," Legacies: A Historical Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas 9, n0. 2 (Fall, 1997). [architect]

Cline, C. L., "Professional Education for Negroes," Southwest Review 27, no. 2 (Winter, 1942).

Cole, Donald A. The Negro Law Enforcement Officer in Texas. (Huntsville, TX: Institute of Contemporary Corrections and the Behavioral Sciences, Sam Houston State University, 1969).

Cowhig, James D., and Calvin L. Beale, "Relative Socioeconomic Status of Southern Whites and Nonwhites, 1950 and 1960," Southwestern Social Science Quarterly 45, no. 2 (September, 1960).

Cross, Theodore L. Black Capitalism; a Program for American Business in the Ghetto. (New York: Atheneum, 1969).

__________. Black Capitalism; Strategy for Business in the Ghetto. (New York: Atheneum, 1969).

Crosswaith, Frank R., and Alfred Baker Lewis. True Freedom for Negro and White Labor. With an introd. by Norman Thomas. (New York: Negro Labor News Service, 1936?).

Cunningham, Roger D., "'A Lot of Fine, Sturdy Black Warriors': Texas's African American 'Immunes' in the Spanish-American War," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 108, no. 3 (January, 2005).

Dallas Black Chamber of Commerce. Directory of Black Businesses in Metropolitan Dallas, 1976–77. (Dallas: Dallas Black Chamber of Commerce, 1976).

Dallas, Texas, Negro City Directory (Dallas: Dallas Negro Chamber of Commerce, 19??– ).

Daniel, Pete, "African American Farmers and Civil Rights," Journal of Southern History 73, no. 1 (February, 2007).

Davenport, John C., "Outranking the Colonel," Southwest Airlines Magazine 14, no. 4 (November, 1984). [Houston restaurateur Percy “Frenchy” Creuzot]

Devereaux, Linda E., "William Goyens: Black Leader in Early Texas,” East Texas Historical Journal 45, no. 1 (2007).

Directory of Minority Owned Businesses in Texas. (Austin: Office of Minority Business Enterprize, 1974– ).

Draper, Alan. Conflict of Interests: Organized Labor and the Civil Rights Movement in the South, 1954–1968. (Ithaca, NY: ILR Press, 1994).

Dulaney, W. Marvin, "The Texas Negro Police Officers’ Association: The Origin of Black Police Unionism," in The African American Experience in Texas: An Anthology. Ed. by Bruce A. Glasrud and James M. Smallwood. (Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press, 2007).

__________, "The Texas Negro Peace Officers' Association: The Origin of Black Police Unionism," Houston Review 12, no. 2 (1990).

Ealy, Rachel Ann, "Mack Hopkins: One of the First Black Air Force Pilots," Texas Historian 51, no. 2 (November, 1990).

Earley, Charity Adams. One Woman's Army: A Black Officer Remembers the WAC. (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1989).

Elliott, Edwin A., "Classification and Economic Status of the Tenantry of a Texas Cotton Plantation," Southwestern Social Science Quarterly 11, no. 4 (March, 1931).

Employment of Blacks in the South: A Perspective on the 1960s. Ed. Ray Marshall and Virgil L. Christian, Jr. (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1978).

English, Linda, "Recording Race: General Stores and Race in the Late Nineteenth-Century Southwest," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 110, no. 2 (October, 2006).

"Ernie Banks: A Modest Hero," Legacies: A History Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas 17, no. 1 (Spring, 2005).

Farrington, Clifford. Biracial Unions on Galveston’s Waterfront, 1865-1925. (Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 2007).

Fink, Rob, "The Houston Eagles and the End of the Negro Leagues," South Texas Studies 14 (2003).

Fink, Robert C., "Semi-professional African American Baseball in Texas before the Great Depression," in The African American Experience in Texas: An Anthology. Ed. by Bruce A. Glasrud and James M. Smallwood. (Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press, 2007).

Foley, Neil. The New South in the Southwest: Anglos, Blacks, and Mexicans in Central Texas, 1880–1930. (Ann Arbor, MI: [Dissertation, University of Michigan] 1990).

__________. The White Scourge: Mexicans, Blacks, and Poor Whites in Texas Cotton Culture. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997).

Fontenot, Rebeccah, "'I Am a Social Worker'," Alcalde 96, no. 6 (July/August, 2008). [UT Prof. Darlene Grant]

Furino, Antonio, Eugene Rodríguez, Jr., and William L. Scott, "Minorities in Small Business," Texas Business Review 54, no. 4 (July–August, 1980).

Garfinkel, Herbert. When Negroes March; the March on Washington Movement in the Organization of Politics for FEPC. With a new introd. By Lewis M. Killian. (New York: Atheneum, 1969, c1959).

Gillespie, A. S., "More About Negro Cowmen," Cattleman 23, no. 1 (June, 1936).

Gilmore, Al-Tony. Bad Nigger! The National Impact of Jack Johnson. (Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1975).

Glasrud, Bruce A., "William M. McDonald: Business and Fraternal Leader," in Black Leaders: Texans for Their Times. Ed. by Alwyn Barr and Robert A. Calvert. (Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1981).

Gloster, Jesse E. Economics of Minority Groups. (Houston: Premier Print Co., 1973).

__________. Unemployment and the Central City; A Research Project. (Houston: n. p., 1968).

Glover, Robert M., Allen G. King, Paula S. Greenfield, and Paulette Norvell, "Minority Women in Professional and Managerial Positions," Texas Business Review 54, no. 1 (January–February, 1980).

Gordon, Eugene, and Cyril Briggs. The Position of Negro Women. (New York: Workers Library Publishers, 1935).

Graddy, Beth, "Emmett J. Conrad, MD: Physician, Activist, Diplomat," Texas Medicine 89, no. 8 (August, 1993).

Green, George N., "The Texas Labor Movement, 1870-1920," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 108, no. 1 (July, 2004).

Green, Helen G. East Texas Daughter. (Fort Worth: Texas Christian University Press, 2003).

Guerra, Roberto S., and Sam Schulman. Black Youth and Occupational Education in Texas: Submitted to the Division of Occupational [Education] Agency under Contracts 31751-42301176. Assisted by Robert L. Armstrong. (Houston: Center for Human Resources, College of Business Administration, University of Houston, 1974).

Hall, Michael, "Craig’s List," Texas Monthly 35, no. 9 (September, 2007). [Dallas Co. DA Craig Watkins]

__________, "I'm Not Lovable, and I'm Not a Loser," Texas Monthly 28, no. 6 (June, 2000). [Don Baylor]

Hampton, Isaac, II, "Driving at the Edge of Death: Arthur Joseph, Jr., and the Red Ball Express," Houston Review of History and Culture 2, no. 2 (Spring, 2005).

Harris, Theodore D. Negro Frontiersman: The Western Memoirs of Henry O. Flipper, First Negro Graduate of West Point. (El Paso: Texas Western College Press, 1963).

Helwig, Andrew A., and Joe L. Vidales, "Minority and White Counselor Differences on a Needs Assessment Related to Career Development," TACD Journal 16, no. 1 (Spring, 1988). [TX Assoc. Counseling & Development]

Heman Sweatt Symposium on Civil Rights (11th: 1997: University of Texas at Austin). The Eleventh Annual Heman Sweatt Symposium on Civil Rights: "Heroes in Action: Building a Community of Respect and Dignity," the University of Texas at Austin, Friday, April 18, 1997 [program]. (Austin: The University, 1997).

Hendrix, J. M., "Tribute Paid to Negro Cowmen," Cattleman 22, no. 9 (February, 1936).

Hill, Charles J. A Brief History of I. L. A. Local 872; from the Files of Freemas Everett (Houston: International Longshoreman's Association, 1960).

Holden, Larry, "Southwest Interview: Eric Dickerson," Southwest Airlines Magazine 14, no. 1 (August, 1984).

Holley, Donald. The Second Great Emancipation: The Mechanical Cotton Picker, Black Migration, and How They Shaped the Modern South. (Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 2000).

Irons, Edward D. On Black Economic Development; Myths and Facts. (Austin: Bureau of Business Research, University of Texas at Austin, 1971).

Johnson, Jack. Jack Johnson—in the Ring—and Out. With introd. articles by "Ted," Ed. W. Smith, Damon Runyon, and Mrs. Jack Johnson. (Chicago: National Sports Publishing Co., 1927; republished by Gale Research Co., Dteroit, 1975).

Jones, Donna B., "Beating the Odds: Minorities in Medicine," Texas Medicine 87, no. 2 (February, 1991).

Jones, Jacqueline, "Labor and the Idea of Race in the American South," Journal of Southern History 75, no. 3 (August, 2009).

__________, "Labor and the Idea of Race in the American South," Journal of Southern History 75, no. 3 (August, 2009).

Jones, Yvette, "Seeds of Compassion," Texas Historian 37, no. 2 (November, 1976) [Anna J. Dupree]

Kelly, F. J., "Industry, the Disadvantaged, and Medicine," Texas Business Review 45, no. 6 (June 1971).

Khirieh, Amel, "In Search of a Dream: Bessie Coleman," Texas Historian 60, no. 2 (November, 1999). [Pioneer aviator]

Kimbrough, Marvin. Black Magazines; an Exploratory Study. (Austin: Center for Communications Research, School of Communication, University of Texas at Austin, 1973).

Kinsey, Winston L. Negro Labor in Texas, 1865–1876. (Waco: [Thesis, Baylor University] 1965).

Kirby, Jack T., "The Southern Exodus, 1910–1960: A Primer for Historians," Journal of Southern History 49, no. 4 (November, 1983).

Klineberg, Stephen L., and David A. Kravtiz, "Ethnic Differences in Predictors of Support for Municipal Affirmative Action Contracting," Social Science Quarterly 84, no. 2 (June, 2003). [Houston, TX]

Kubiak, Daniel J. Monument to a Black Man. (San Antonio: Naylor Co., 1972). [William Goyens]

"Largest Minority-Owned Businesses in the Dallas Area," Dallas Business Journal 11, no. 48 (July 18, 1988).

Lever, Michael F., and W. Kennedy Upham. Poverty among Nonwhite Families in Texas and the Nation: A Comparative Analysis. (College Station: Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Sociology, Texas A&M University, 1968).

Lewis, Joseph V. Out of the Ditch; A True Story of an Ex-Slave. (Houston: Rein & Sons Co., 1910).

Lloyd, G. A. The Human Side of Industry; before the 25th Southwest Area Conference on Industrial Relations … Houston, Texas, May 12, 1967. (Houston: Humble Oil & Refining Co., Public Relations Dept., 1967).

Lockwood, Robert M., "Women Working in Texas," Texas Business Review 49, no. 12 (December 1975).

López, Katherine, "Two Paths to Greatness: Elvin Hayes and Hakeem Olajuwon Come to Houston," Houston Review of History and Culture 3, no. 1 (Fall, 2005).

McCullough, Kimberly, "Bad Luck Got Life Time, Capt'n," 36, no. 2 (November, 1975).

MacKenzie, Richard, "The Hard Toll of a Good Fight," D 19, no. 4 (April, 1992). [Police chief Don Stafford]

Marchiafava, Louis J., and Steven R. Strom, "John S. Chase: Innovator and Architect," Houston Review 19, no. 2 (1997).

Maroney, James, "The Galveston Longshoremen's Strike of 1920," East Texas Historical Journal 16, no. 1 (1978).

Marshall, F. Ray. The Negro and Organized Labor. (New York: Wiley, 1965).

__________. The Negro Worker. (New York: Random House, 1967).

__________, and Vernon M. Briggs, Jr. The Negro and Apprenticeship. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1967).

Massey, Sara R., "Black Cowboys: Wrangling the Numbers," Journal of South Texas 17, no. 1 (Spring, 2004).

Neeley, Evelyn B. "Should This Be the Law in Texas?": Comparative Study of the Attitudes of Six Economic-Ethnic Groups. (Austin: [Report, University of Texas at Austin] 1967).

Negro Achievements, a Magazine for Everybody. (Ft. Worth: Negro Achievements Publ. Co., 1947– ).

Negro Directory of Fort Worth, Texas: 1937–1938. By J. H. Smith. (Fort Worth, 1937?).

Negro Employment in the South. (Washington: U. S. Dept. of Labor, Manpower Adminis-tration, 1971- ). Vol. 1: The Houston Labor Market, by V. M. Briggs, Jr.

Negro Labor News. (Houston: News Printing Co., 1930– ).

The Negro Law Enforcement Officer in Texas, by Donald A. Cole, et al. (Huntsville: Institute of Contemporary Corrections and the Behavioral Sciences, Sam Houston State University, 1969).

Obadele-Starks, Ernest, "Black Labor, the Black Middle Class, and Organized Protest along the Upper Texas Gulf Coast, 1883-1945," in The African American Experience in Texas: An Anthology. Ed. by Bruce A. Glasrud and James M. Smallwood. (Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press, 2007).

__________, "Black Labor, the Black Middle Class, and Organized Protest along the Upper Texas Gulf Coast, 1883–1945," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 103, no. 1 (July, 1999).

__________, "Black Struggle, White Resistance, and Upper Texas Gulf Coast Railroads, 1900–1945," Houston Review 18, no. 2 (1996).

__________, "Black Texans and Theater Craft Unionism: The Struggle for Racial Equality," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 106, no. 4 (April, 2003).

__________. Black Unionism in the Industrial South. (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2000).

O'Connor, Louise S. Cryin' for Daylight: A Ranching Culture in the Texas Coastal Bend. (Austin: Wexford, 1989).

Pennington, Richard. Breaking the Ice: The Racial Integration of Southwest Conference Football. (Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1987).

Perlo, Victor. The Negro in Southern Agriculture. (New York: International Publishers, 1953).

Perritt, Carolyn, "The Dissident Voice of William Sidney Pittman," Legacies; a History Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas 16, no. 1 (Spring, 2004). [Architect/Publisher]

Pfeifer, Kathryn Browne. The 761st Tank Battalion. (New York: Twenty-First Century Books, 1994).

Post-Graduate Assembly of Negro Physicians in Texas. Ten Years of Progress in Negro Health Work in Texas, 1930–1940. (Austin: Post-Graduate Assembly of Negro Physicians, 1940).

Potts, Charles S. The Convict Labor System of Texas. (Philadelphia, PA: American Academy of Political and Social Science, 1903).

Preston, Darrell, "Dallas Firm Chosen for ABA's Minority Counsel Program," Dallas Business Journal 11, no. 42 (June 6, 1988).

Price, Daniel O. Changing Characteristics of the Negro Population. Prepared in cooperation with the Social Science Reasearch Council. (Washington: U. S. Bureau of the Census, 1969).

Quimby, Marcel, "Dr. Benjamin R. Bluitt and the Bluitt Sanitarium," Legacies: A Historical Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas 19, no. 1 (Spring, 2007).

Reese, James V., "The Early History of Labor Organizations in Texas, 1838–1876," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 72, no. 1 (July, 1968).

Reid, Debra Ann. Reaping a Greater Harvest: African Americans, Agrarian Reform, and the Texas Agricultural Extension Service. (College Station: [Thesis, Texas A&M University] 2000).

__________. Reaping a Greater Harvest: African Americans, the Extension Service, and Rural Reform in Jim Crow Texas. (College Station: Texas A & M University Press, 2007).

Report on Minority Hiring by State Agencies, Institutions of Higher Education. Vol. 1 of 2. (Austin: Texas Commission on Human Rights, 1991?).

Rhodes, Andy, “Settling History: La Marque Students Discover the Heritage of Black Cowboy Community,” The Medallion (November/December, 2006).

Rinehart, Marilyn D., "'Underground Patriots': Thurber Coal Miners and the Struggle for Individual Freedom, 1888–1903," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 92, no. 4 (April, 1989).

Rittenoure, R. Lynn. Black Employment in the South: The Case of the Federal Government. (Austin: Bureau of Business Research, University of Texas at Austin, 1976).

Roberts, Randy, "Galveston's Jack Johnson: Flourishing in the Dark," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 87, no. 1 (July, 1983).

__________. Papa Jack: Jack Johnson and the Era of White Hope. (New York: The Free Press, 1983).

Robertson, Robert J. Fair Ways: How Six Black Golfers Won Civil Rights in Beaumont, Texas. (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2005).

Romero, Francine S., "'There Are Only White Champions': The Rise and Demise of Segregated Boxing in Texas," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 108, no. 1 (July, 2004).

Santino, Jack. Miles of Smiles, Years of Struggle: Stories of Black Pullman Porters. (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1989).

Sapper, Neil G., "Aboard the Wrong Ship in the Right Books: Dorie Miller and Historical Accuracy," East Texas Historical Journal 18, no. 2 (1980). [War hero Doris Miller]

Sargent, Frederic O., "Economic Adjustments of Negro Farmers in East Texas," Southwestern Social Science Quarterly 42, no. 1 (June, 1961).

Savage, Barbara D. Broadcasting Freedom: Radio, War, and the Politics of Race, 1938-1948. (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999).

Seale, Avrel, "A Rose by Any Other Name …," Texas Alcalde 83, no. 1 (September/October, 1994). [Earl Campbell]

Searls, Michael N., "In Search of the Black Cowboy in Texas," in The African American Experience in Texas: An Anthology. Ed. by Bruce A. Glasrud and James M. Smallwood. (Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press, 2007).

Schmich, Steven, "Five Dallas Athletes Who Made a Difference," Legacies: A Historical Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas 6, no. 1 (Spring, 1994).

Selcer, Richard F., "Hagar Tucker: Fort Worth's First Black Policeman," in his Fort Worth Characters. (Denton: University of North Texas Press, 2009).

Sharp, Cecil, "The Briefcase Blacks," D 16, no. 5 (May, 1989).

Shaw, Rufus, Jr. How to Be a Rich Nigger! (Dallas: R. Shaw Pub., 1979?).

__________. Hustling: The Art of Black Financial Survival. (Dallas: R. Shaw Pub., 1982).

Sitton, Thad. From Can See to Can't: Texas Cotton Farmers on the Southern Prairies. (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1997).

Skrabanek, R. L., and Steve H. Murdock, "The Black Population of Texas," Texas Business Review 56, no. 3 (May–June, 1982).

Slaton, William J., "Negro Businesses in Texas," Texas Business Review 43, no. 7 (July, 1969).

Smith, J. H., Rev. Negro Directory of Fort Worth, Texas: 1937–1938. (Ft. Worth: s. n., 1937?).

Smith, Robert C. Equal Employment Opportunity: A Comparative Micro-Analysis of Boston and Houston. (Totowa, NJ: Allanheld, Osmun, 1982).

Smith, Thomas H., "'Cast Down Your Buckets': A Black Experiment in Dallas," in Dallas Reconsidered: Essays in Local History. Michael V. Hazel, ed. (Dallas: Three Forks Press, 1995).

Sorelle, James M., "'An de Po Cullud Man Is in de Wus Fix uv Awl': Black Occupational Status in Houston, Texas, 1920–1940," Houston Review 1, no. 1 (Spring, 1979).

Souvenir Program, Appreciation Day, Sunday, November 25, 1945: Honoring the Doctors, Dentists, and Pharmacists of Marshall, Texas. Sponsored by Bishop and Wiley Colleges. (Marshall: s. n., 1945).

Swartz, Mimi, "Making It: How Six Houstonians Struck It Rich," Houston City 5, no. 8 (August, 1981). [Businessman George Smith]

Templeton, Bob, "Taking Aim at Minority Purchasing Problems," Southwest Business 58, no. 2 (September, 1979).

Terrell, Wendell P. A Study of the Employment of the Graduates of Ten Negro High Schools of Texas. (Fort Collins, CO: [Thesis, Colorado State College] 1937).

Texas. Office of Equal Employment Opportunity. Equal Employment Opportunity and the Texas Criminal Justice System. (Austin: Office of the Governor, Equal Employment Opportunity Office, 1975).

__________. __________. Recruitment Division. Recruitment Resource Manual. (Austin: The Office, 1975). [Also, 1977 edition]

Texas Certified Disadvantaged Business Directory: Small Business. (Austin: Texas Department of Commerce, Small Business Division, 1990).

Texas Commission on Human Rights. Annual Report. (Austin: The Commission, 1983?– ).

Texas Hotel, Business, and Professional Directory. Collected by Hermon J. Jones. Illus. Clayton Searcy, et al. (San Antonio, 1946).

"Texas Monthly Talks: Cecil Cooper," Texas Monthly 37, no. 6 (June, 2009). [Manager, Houston Astros]

Texas Negro Press Association. Texas Negro Press Association, 1931–1933. (Prairie View: Prairie View College Press, 1934).

Texas Small Business Directory. (Austin: Texas Economic Development Commission, Business Development Department, 198?– ).

Thomas, Karen Kruse, "The Hill-Burton Act and Civil Rights: Expanding Hospital Care for Black Southerners, 1939-1960," Journal of Southern History 72, no. 4 (November, 2006).

Thomas, Matt. Hopping on the Border (Life Story of a Bellboy). (San Antonio: The Naylor Co., 1951).

Thompson, Helen, "Black and White World," Texas Monthly 22, no. 11 (November, 1984). [Black photographers]

Tolnay, Stewart E. The Bottom Rung: African American Family Life on Southern Farms. (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1999).

Treat, Victor H., "William Goyens: Free Negro Entrepreneur," in Black Leaders: Texans for Their Times. Ed. by Alwyn Barr and Robert A. Calvert. (Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1981).

Turner, Bridges A. Occupational Choices of High School Seniors in the Space Age. (Houston: Texas Southern University, 1964).

TxOMBE News. (Austin: Texas Industrial Commission, Office of Minority Business Enterprize, 1973- ). [1973-1975]

U. S. Department of Labor. Negro Employment in the South, Volume 1: The Houston Labor Market. (Manpower Research Monograph No. 23) (Washington: U. S. Department of Labor, 1971).

U. S. National Archives and Records Service. Selected Documents Pertaining to Black Workers among the Records of the Department of Labor and Its Component Bureaus, 1902–1969. Comp. Deborah L. Newman. (Washington: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1977).

Volanto, Keith J., "Up in Arms: Local Protest vs. Placement of Black CCC Camps in West Texas," West Texas Historical Association Year Book 83 (October, 2007).

Walker, Donald R. Penology for Profit: A History of the Texas Prison System, 1867–1912. (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1988).

Walker, James L. Economic Development and Black Employment in the Nonmetropolitan South. (Austin: Center for the Study of Human Resources of the University of Texas at Austin, 1977).

Ward, Geoffrey C. Unforgiveable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson ( New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2004).

Ward, Thomas J., Jr. Black Physicians in the Jim Crow South. (Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 2003).

Ware, Diane L., "Bittersweet Balance: Oral History and the Company Town of Sugar Land, Texas, in the Segregated South," Sound Historian: Journal of the Texas Oral History Association 4, no. 2 (Fall, 1998).

Watriss, Wendy, "Soul in the Saddle," Houston City 5, no. 2 (February, 1981).

Watson, Dwight D. Race and the Houston Police Department, 1930-1990: A Change Did Come. (College Station: Texas A & M University Press, 2005).

Westermeier, Clifford P., "Black Rodeo Cowboys," Red River Valley Historical Review 3, no. 3 (Summer, 1978).

Widmeyer, Roger, "Quentin Mease and the Establishment of the Harris County Hospital District," Houston Review of History and Culture 2, no. 1 (Fall, 2004).

Williams, Milton N, III, "Romeo M. Williams: Tuskegee Airman and Civil Rights Lawyer," East Texas Historical Journal 43, no. 1 (2005).

Wood, Charles, "Texas Population in 1970: Ethnic Variations in the Labor Force," Texas Business Review 48, no. 3 (March 1974).

Woods, Randall B., "George T. Ruby: A Black Militant in the White Business Community," Red River Valley Historical Review 1, no. 3 (Autumn, 1974).

"Working in Texas," Texas Humanist 7, no. 5 (May-June, 1985). [Interviews with 15 workers]

Working Lives: The Southern Exposure History of Labor in the South. Ed. by Marc Miller, with an introd. by Herbert Gutman. (New York: Pantheon Books, 1980).

Yancey, William L., "Intervention as a Strategy of Social Inquiry: An Exploratory Study with Unemployed Negro Men," Social Science Quarterly 50, no. 3 (December, 1969).

Yarbrough, Russell, "The Tuskegee Airmen: The Lonely Eagles," Texas Historian 57, no. 2 (November, 1996).

Zeichner, Oscar, "The Transition from Slave to Free Agricultural Labor in the Southern States," Agricultural History 13, no. 1 (January, 1939).


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