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Barr, Alwyn, "Black Migration into Southwestern Cities, 1865–1900," in Essays on Southern History: Written in Honor of Barnes F. Lathrop. Contributions by Alwyn Barr, et al. Ed. by Gary W. Gallagher. (Austin: General Libraries, University of Texas at Austin, 1980). [Houston and San Antonio]

__________, "Reconstruction Change and Continuity in Brazoria County, Texas," Houston Review 18, no. 2 (1996).

Baum, Dale, "Burdens of Landholding in a Freed Slave Settlement: The Case of Brazoria County's 'Hall's Town','' Southwestern Historical Quarterly 113, no. 2 (October, 2009).

Bean, Christopher, "'A Most Singular and Interesting Attempt' The Freedmen's Bureau at Marshall, Texas," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 110, no. 4 (April, 2007).

Brice, Donaly E., and John C. Barron. An Index to the 1867 Voters' Registration of Texas. (Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, 2000). CD-ROM, including lists of newly-freed slaves.

Calvert, Robert A., ed., "The Freedmen and Agricultural Prosperity," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 76, no. 4 (April, 1973).

Campbell, Randolph B., “Grass Roots Reconstruction:  The Personnel of County Government in Texas, 1865-1876,” Journal of Southern History  58, no. 1 (February, 1992).

__________, “Reconstruction in Jefferson County, Texas, 1865-1876,” Texas Gulf Historical and Biographical Record 31, no. 1 (November, 1995).

Cantrell, Greg, "Racial Violence and Reconstruction Politics in Texas, 1867–1868," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 93, no. 3 (January, 1990).

Carrier, John P. A Political History of Texas during the Reconstruction, 1865–1874. (Nashville: [Dissertation, Vanderbilt University] 1971).

Carrier, Naomi M. "Go Down, Old Hannah": The Living History of African American Texans. Foreword by John E. Fleming (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2010). 15 living history plays.

Cohen-Lack, Nancy, "A Struggle for Sovereignty: National Consolidation, Emancipation, and Free Labor in Texas, 1865," Journal of Southern History 58, no. 1 (February, 1992).

Crouch, Barry A. "'All the Vile Passions': The Texas Black Code of 1866," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 97, no. 1 (July, 1993).

__________, "Black Dreams and White Justice," Prologue 6, no. 4 (Winter 1974).

__________. The Dance of Freedom: Texas African Americans during Reconstruction. Ed. by Larry Madaras. Foreword by Arnoldo de Leon. (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2007).

__________. The Freedman's Bureau and Black Texans. (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1992).

__________, "The Freedmen's Bureau and the 30th Sub-district in Texas: Smith County Environs during Reconstruction," Chronicles of Smith County, Texas 11, no. 1 (Spring, 1972).

__________, "The Freedmen's Bureau in Beaumont (Part One)," Texas Gulf Historical and Biographical Record 28, no. 1 (1992).

__________, "The Freedmen's Bureau in Beaumont (Part Two)," Texas Gulf Historical and Biographical Record 29, no. 1 (1993).

__________, "Hesitant Recognition: Texas Black Politicians, 1865–1900," East Texas Historical Journal 31, no. 1 (1993).

__________, "Hidden Sources of Black History: The Texas Freedmen's Bureau Records as a Case Study," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 83, no. 3 (January, 1980).

__________, "Letters of Geoffrey Barrett, Freedmen's Bureau Agent," Chronicles of Smith County, Texas 12, no. 2 (Winter, 1973).

__________, "A Political Education: George T. Ruby and the Texas Freedmen's Bureau," Houston Review 18, no. 2 (1996).

__________, "'Unmanacling' Texas Reconstruction: A Twenty-Year Perspective," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 83, no. 3 (January, 1990).

__________, and Donaly E. Brice, "Dastardly Scoundrels: The State Police and the Linn Flat Affair," East Texas Historical Journal 37, no. 1 (1999).

__________, and Larry Madaras, "Reconstructing Black Families: Perspectives from the Texas Freedmen’s Bureau Records," Prologue 18, no. 2 (Summer 1986).

Degener, Edward. The Minority Report in Favor of Extending the Right of Suffrage, with Certain Limitations, to All Men without Distinction of Race or Color. Made in the Texas Reconstruction Convention, February 24, 1866 (Austin: Southern Intelligencer Office, 1866).

Dorsett, Jesse. Blacks in Reconstruction Texas, 1865–1877. (Ann Arbor: University Microforms International [Dissertation, Texas Christian University] 1981). [microfilm]

Du Bois, W. E. B. Black Reconstruction: An Essay Toward a History of the Part Which Black Folk Played in the Attempt to Reconstruct Democracy in America, 1860–1880. (New York: S. A. Russell, 1956, c1935) Repr. Of 1935 ed.

Ebeleing, Billy L., "Presidential Reconstruction in Galveston, 1865-1867," Studies in History 5 (1975). [Texas Tech series]

Fox, Cynthia, and Budge Weidman, "The Freedmen's Bureau Records Project at the National Archives," CRM: The Journal of Heritage Stewardship 4, no. 1 (Winter, 2007).

Gaither, Gerald, "Blacks and the Southern Farmers' Alliance Movement," East Texas Historical Journal 14, no. 1 (Spring, 1976).

[Guide to Freedmen’s Bureau Records for Texas in the National Archives]. (S.l.: s.n., 19--?) Photocopy.

Gutman, Herbert G. The Black Family in Slavery and Freedom. (New York: Pantheon Books, 1976).

Hamilton, Alexander Jackson. Letter of General A. J. Hamilton, of Texas, to the President of the United States. (New York: W. C. Bryant & Co., 1863).

Hilton, David, "Henry Ossian Flipper: America's First Black Officer," Texas Historian 50, no. 1 (August, 1989).

Hornsby, Alton, Jr., "The Freedmen's Bureau Schools in Texas, 1864–1870," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 76, no. 4 (April, 1973).

King, Edward. Texas: 1874; An Eyewitness Account of Conditions in Post-Reconstruction Texas. Illus. J. Wells Champney. Ed. Robert S. Gray. Introd. Joe B. Frantz. (Houston: Cordovan Press, 1974).

Kinsey, Winston L. Negro Labor in Texas, 1865–1876. (Waco: [Thesis, Baylor University] 1965).

Lovett, Leslie A. "Biracial Politics and Community Development: The Reconstruction Experience in Fort Bend County, Texas, 1869–1889," Houston Review 16, no. 1 (1994).

Malone, Ann Patton, "Matt Gaines: Reconstruction Politician," in Black Leaders: Texans for Their Times. Ed. by Alwyn Barr and Robert A. Calvert. (Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1981).

Moneyhon, Carl H. Texas After the Civil War: The Struggle of Reconstruction. (College Station: Texas A & M University Press, 2004).

Moore, Richard, "Radical Reconstruction: The Texas Choice," East Texas Historical Journal 16, no. 1 (1978).

Muir, Andrew F. The Free Negro in Fort Bend County, Texas. (S. l., 1948?). [Repr. from Journal of Negro History 33, no. 1 (January, 1948)]

__________, "The Free Negro in Harris County, Texas," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 46, no. 3 (January, 1943).

__________. The Free Negro in Jefferson and Orange Counties, Texas. (Houston, 1950?). [Repr. from Journal of Negro History 35, no. 2 (April, 1950)]

Neal, Diane, and Thomas W. Kremm, "'What Shall We Do with the Negro?': The Freedmen's Bureau in Texas," East Texas Historical Journal 27, no. 2 (1989).

Nolen, Claude H. African American Southerners in Slavery, Civil War, and Reconstruction. (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2001).

Pitre, Merline, "The Evolution of Black Political Participation in Reconstruction Texas," East Texas Historical Journal 26, no. 1 (1988).

Rabinowitz, Howard N. Race Relations in the Urban South, 1865–1890. (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1980).

Reid, Thomas, "Unwilling Pioneers: Slavery and Emancipation in Tyler County, Texas, 1846-1880," The Texas Gulf Historical and Biographical Record 41 (November, 2005).

Richter, William L. "The Army and the Negro During Texas Reconstruction, 1865–1870," East Texas Historical Journal 10, no. 1 (Spring, 1972).

__________. The Army in Texas During Reconstruction, 1865–1870. (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1987).

__________. Overreached on All Sides: The Freedmen's Bureau Administrators in Texas, 1865–1868. (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1991).

__________, "Who Was the Real Head of the Texas Freedmen's Bureau?: The Role of Brevet Colonel William H. Sinclair as Acting Assistant Inspector General," Military History of the Southwest 20, no. 2 (Fall, 1990).

Shook, Robert W. Federal Occupation and Administration of Texas, 1865–1870. (Denton: [Dissertation, University of North Texas] 1970).

Singletary, Otis A. Negro Militia and Reconstruction. (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1957).

Smallwood, James, "The Black Community in Reconstruction Texas: Readjustment in Religion and the Evolution of the Negro Church," East Texas Historical Journal 16, no. 2 (1978).

__________,"Black Education in Reconstruction Texas: The Contributions of the Freedmen's Bureau and Benevolent Societies," East Texas Historical Journal 19, no. 1 (1981).

__________, "Black Texans During Reconstruction: First Freedom," East Texas Historical Journal 14, no. 1 (Spring, 1976).

__________, "Emancipation and the Black Family: A Case Study in Texas," in The African American Experience in Texas: An Anthology. Ed. by Bruce A. Glasrud and James M. Smallwood. (Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press, 2007).

__________, "Emancipation and the Black Family: A Case Study in Texas," Social Science Quarterly 57, no. 4 (March, 1977).

__________, "The Freedmen's Bureau Reconsidered: Local Agents and the Black Community," Texana 11, no. 4 (1973).

__________, "G. T. Ruby: Galveston's Black Carpetbagger in Reconstruction Texas," Houston Review 5 (1983).

__________. Time of Hope, Time of Despair: Black Texans During Reconstruction. (Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1981).

__________, "When the Klan Rode: White Terror in Reconstruction Texas," Journal of the West 25, no. 4 (October, 1986).

__________, Barry A. Crouch, and Larry Peacock. Murder and Mayhem: The War of Reconstruction in Texas. (College Station: Texas A & M University Press, 2003).

Smith, David. Black Voices from Reconstruction, 1865-1877. (Tallahassee: University Press of Florida, 1997).

Stabler, Scott L., “Free Men Come to Houston: Blacks During Reconstruction,” Houston Review of History and Culture 3, no. 1 (Fall, 2005).

Stearns, Charles. The Black Man of the South, and the Rebels; or, The Characteristics of the Former, and the Recent Outrages of the Latter. (New York: For sale by American News Co., 1872).

Stewart, Charles. Federal Elections. Speech ... House of Representatives, Saturday, June 28, 1890 (Washington, D. C., 1890).

Sumners, Billy F., "Southern Baptists and the Freedman," Essays in History: E. C. Barkdale Student Lectures 4 (1975).

Swinney, Everette. Suppressing the Ku Klux Klan: The Enforcement of the Reconstruction Amendments, 1870–1877. (New York: Garland, 1987).

Texas. Constitutional Convention, 1868–1869. President. Letter of the President of the Constitutional Convention of Texas Communicating the Report of the Special Committee on Lawlessness and Violence in That State, July 20, 1868. (Washington: U. S. Govt. Print. Off., 1868).

Texas. Constitutional Convention, 1868–1869. Report of Special Committee on Lawlessness and Violence in Texas. Published by order of the Convention. (Austin: Printed at the office of the Daily Republican, 1868).

U. S. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands. District of Texas. [Circulars, general orders, etc., 1865–67] (Galveston, 1865–1867).

U. S. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands. District of Texas. (First) Report of Brevet Major General J. B. Kiddoo ... (Galveston, July 23, 1866).

Washington, Reginald, "Sealing the Sacred Bonds of Holy Matrimony: Freedmen's Bureau Marriage Records," Prologue 37, no. 1 (Spring, 2005).

Work, David, "United States Colored Troops in Texas during Reconstruction, 1865–1867," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 109, no. 3 (January, 2006).

Zeichner, Oscar, "The Transition from Slave to Free Agricultural Labor in the Southern States," Agricultural History 13, no. 1 (January, 1939).


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