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Abrahams, Roger D. Singing the Master: The Emergence of African American Culture in the Plantation South. (New York: Pantheon Books, 1992).

The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography. Ed. George P. Rawick. 19v.* (Westport, CT: Greenwood Pub. Co., 1972). *[Vols. 4–5: Texas]

___________. Supplement, Series 2. 10v.* (Westport, CT: Greenwood Pub. Co., 1979) *[Vols. 2–10: Texas]

Andrews, William L. To Tell a Free Story: The First Century of Afro-American Autobiography, 1760–1865. (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1986).

Aptheker, Herbert. The Negro in the Civil War. (New York: International Publishers, 1938).

Ashburn, Karl E. "Slavery and Cotton Production in Texas," reprint from Southwestern Social Science Quarterly 14, no. 3 (December, 1933).

Aurentz, Janet, "The International Slave Trade in Texas: A Half-Century of Conflict," Essays in History: E. C. Barkdale Student Lectures 3 (1974).

Bancroft, Frederic. Slave Trading in the Old South. Introd. by Allan Nevins. (New York: Ungar, 1959).

Baptist, Edward E. Stony the Road They Trod: Forced Migration of African Americans in the Slave South, 1790–1865. (Durham, NC: Duke University Libraries, 2002).

Barker, Eugene C., "The African Slave Trade in Texas," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 6, no. 2 (October, 1902).

__________, "The Influence of Slavery in the Colonization of Texas," reprint from Southwestern Historical Quarterly (July, 1924}.

Before Freedom Came: African-American Life in the Antebellum South: To Accompany an Exhibition Organized by the Museum of the Confederacy. Ed. Edward D. C. Campbell, Jr., with Kym S. Rice. (Charlottesville, VA: The Museum of the Confederacy, Richmond, and the University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, 1991).

Berlin, Ira A. Slaves without Masters: the Free Negro in the Antebellum South. (New York: Pantheon Books, 1975).

Blyth, Lance R., "Fugitives from Servitude: American Deserters and Runaway Slaves in Spanish Nacogdoches, 1803–1808," East Texas Historical Journal 38, no. 2 (2000).

Boone, William A., "The Tracks Lead South: An Underground Railroad from Texas into Mexico," Journal of Big Bend Studies 15 (2003).

Boren, Carter E., "Slavery and the Civil War," in his Religion on the Texas Frontier (San Antonio: The Naylor Company, 1968).

Bragg, Gail. An Historiography of American Slave Women. (Brooklyn, NY: CompuBibs, 1984).

Brazy, Martha Jane L. The World a Slaveholder Made: Stephen Demean and Plantation Society. (Milwaukee, WI: [Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee] 1967).

Brooks, James. Captives and Cousins: Slavery, Kinship, and Community in the Southwest Borderlands. (Chapel Hill, NC: Published for the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, Williamsburg, VA, by the University of North Carolina Press, 2002).

Bruce, Dickson D., Jr. Violence and Culture in the Antebellum South. (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1979).

Bugbee, Lester G. Slavery in Early Texas. 2 pts. (Boston: Ginn & Co., 1898).

Campbell, Randolph B. An Empire for Slavery: The Peculiar Institution in Texas, 1821–1865. (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989).

__________, "The End of Slavery in Texas: A Research Note," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 88, no. 1 (July, 1984).

__________, “Human Property: The Black Slave in Harrison County, 1850-1860,” in The African American Experience in Texas: An Anthology. Ed. by Bruce A. Glasrud and James M. Smallwood. (Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press, 2007).

__________, "Human Property: The Negro Slave in Harrison County, 1850–1860," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 76, no. 4 (April, 1973).

__________, "Intermittent Slave Ownership: Texas as a Test Case," Journal of Southern History 51, no. 1 (February, 1985).

__________, "Slaveholding in Harrison County, 1850–1860: A Statistical Profile," East Texas Historical Journal 11, no. 1 (Spring, 1973).

Carrier, Naomi M. "Go Down, Old Hannah": The Living History of African American Texans. Foreword by John E. Fleming (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2010). 15 living history plays.

Clegg, Patricia, “The Free Negro in the Republic of Texas… The Experiences of the Ashworth Family of Southeast Texas and Others,” The Texas Gulf Historical and Biographical Record 41 (November, 2005).

Cleven, Andrew N., “Some Plans for Colonizing Liberated Negro Slaves in Hispanic America,” Southwestern Political and Social Science Quarterly 6, no. 2 (September, 1925).

Connor, Kimberly Rae. Imagining Grace: Liberating Theologies in the Slave Narrative Tradition. (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2000).

Cosgrove, J. H. "Negro Enlistments in the Confederate Army," Texas Magazine 7, no. 5 (March, 1913).

Cravens, John N., “Felix ‘Zero’ Ervin: Louisiana Slave and East Texas Freeman,” East Texas Historical Journal 10, no. 2 (1972).

Crenshaw, Ollinger. The Slave States in the Presidential Election of 1860. (Gloucester, MA: P. Smith, 1969, c1945).

Curlee, Abigail, "The History of a Texas Slave Plantation, 1831–1863," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 26, no. 2 (October, 1922).

__________. A Study of Texas Slave Plantations, 1822 to 1865. (Austin: [Dissertation, University of Texas] 1932).

Degler, Carl N. The Other South: Southern Dissenters in the Nineteenth Century. (New York: Harper & Row, 1974).

Deyle, Steven. Carry Me Back: The Domestic Slave Trade in American Life. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2005).

Dillon, Merton L., "Benjamin Lundy in Texas," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 63, no. 1 (July, 1959).

Eichstedt, Jennifer L. Representations of Slavery: Race and Ideology in Southern Plantation Museums. (Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2002).

Eighmy, John L., "The Baptists and Slavery: An Examination of the Origin and Benefits of Segregation," Social Science Quarterly 49, no. 3 (December, 1968).

Elam, Richard, "Baptist Ministers and Slavery in Antebellum Texas," Journal of Texas Baptist History 9 (1989).

Elkins, Stanley M. Slavery; a Problem in American Institutional and Intellectual Life. 2d. ed. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968).

Ex-Slave Aid Society. By-laws and Constitution of the Ex-Slave Aid Society, of Texas: Organized at Marlin, Texas, December, 1901. (Texas, 1901?).

Federal Writers’ Project. Lay My Burden Down; a Folk History of Slavery. Ed. by B. A. Botkin. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968, c1945).

__________. Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States, from Interviews with Former Slaves. 17v.* (St. Clair Shores, MI: Scholarly Press, 1976). *[Vols. 3–4: Texas narratives]

Fornell, Earl W., "The Abduction of Free Negroes and Slaves in Texas," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 60, no. 3 (January, 1957).

Franklin, John Hope, and Loren Schweninger. Runaway Slaves: Rebels on the Plantation. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).

Fuller, John D. P., "Slavery Propaganda during the Mexican War," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 38, no. 4 (April, 1935).

Gallman, Robert E., and Ralph V. Anderson, "Slaves as Fixed Capital: Slave Labor and Southern Economic Development," Journal of American History 64, no. 1 (June, 1977).

Gavenda, Philip Martin. "In Defense of the God-Given Right to Own the African": The Politics of Richard T. Archer. (Austin: [Thesis, University of Texas at Austin] 1993).

Genovese, Eugene D. The Slaveholders’ Dilemma: Freedom and Progress in Southern Conservative Thought, 1820–1860. (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1992).

Gossett, Thomas F. Uncle Tom’s Cabin and American Culture. (Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, 1985).

Govenar, Alan B. African American Frontiers: Slave Narratives and Oral Histories. (Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2000).

Griffin, Rebecca, "Courtship Contests and the Meaning of Conflict in the Folklore of Slaves," The Journal of Southern History 71, no. 4 (November, 2005).

Griffin, Samuel F. Slaveholders of Texas. (Oakhurst, CA: Gold Side Books, 1972). [Fiction]

Gutman, Herbert G. The Black Family in Slavery and Freedom. (New York: Pantheon Books, 1976).

Haggard, John Villasana. A Brief Study of the Impressment of Slave Labor in Texas, 1861-1865. (Research paper, University of Texas, 1938). Manuscript box 2R28.

Hall, Martin H., "Negroes with Confederate Troops in West Texas and New Mexico," Password 13, no. 1 (Spring, 1968).

Hamilton, Jeff. "My Master," the Inside Story of Sam Houston and His Times, by His Former Slave, Jeff Hamilton, as Told to Lenoir Hunt … With a foreword by Franklin Williams. (Dallas: Manfred, Van Nort & Co., 1940).

Harper, Cecil, Jr., "Slavery Without Cotton: Hunt County, Texas, 1846–1864," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 88, no. 4 (April, 1985).

Heartman, Charles F. Americana: Printed and in Manuscript: A Most Interesting Collection … (Biloxi, MS: C. F. Heartman, 194-?)

Holbrook, Abigail Curlee, "A Glimpse of Life on Antebellum Slave Plantations in Texas, Southwestern Historical Quarterly 76, no. 4 (April, 1973).

I Was Born a Slave: An Anthology of Classic Slave Narratives. 2v. Ed. by Yuval Taylor. Foreword by Charles Johnson. (Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books, 1999).

Index to The American Slave. Ed. Donald M. Jacobs. (Westport, CN: Greenwood Press, 1981). See Rawick, George P., ed., for volumes of The American Slave.

Ingram, E. Renee. In View of the Great Want of Labor: A Legislative History of African American Conscription in the Confederacy. (Westminster, MD: Willowbend Books, 1999).

Jackson, Susan, "Slavery in Houston: the 1850s," Houston Review 2, no. 2 (Summer, 1980).

Jacobson, Melanie, "Triangular Relationships: How Three Races Related to Each Other in Central Texas Prior to the Civil War," Texas Historian 58, no. 4 (May, 1998).

Jones, C. Allen, "Plantations and Slavery," in his Texas Roots: Agriculture and Rural Life before the Civil War. (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2005).

Kattner, Lauren A. Ethnicity Plus: Historical Roots of Slavery for the Germans of Louisiana and East Texas, 1719–1830. (Austin: [Dissertation, University of Texas at Austin] 1997).

Kerrigan, William T., "Race, Expansion, and Slavery in Eagle Pass, Texas, 1852," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 101, no. 3 (January, 1998).

Kilman, Ed, "Negroes at San Jacinto," Frontier Times 24, no. 10 (July, 1947).

King, Vicky, "Slavery and Cattle Ranching in Liberty and Chambers Counties," Touchstone 12 (1993).

Knight, Larry P., "Defending the Unnecessary: Slavery in San Antonio in the 1850s," Journal of South Texas 15, no. 1 (Spring, 2002).

Lack, Paul D., “The Black Texans and Slavery in Revolution and War,” in his The Texas Revolutionary Experience: A Political and Social History, 1835-1836. (College Station: Texas A & M University Press, 1992).

__________, "Dave: A Rebellious Slave," in Black Leaders: Texans for Their Times. Ed. by Alwyn Barr and Robert A. Calvert. (Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1981).

__________, "Slavery and the Texas Revolution," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 89, no. 2 (October, 1985).

__________, "Slavery and Vigilantism in Austin, Texas, 1840–1860," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 85, no. 1 (July, 1981).

__________, “Urban Slavery in the Southwest,” in The African American Experience in Texas: An Anthology. Ed. by Bruce A. Glasrud and James M. Smallwood. (Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press, 2007).

__________, "Urban Slavery in the Southwest," Red River Valley Historical Review 6, no. 2 (Spring, 1981). [Austin & Galveston]

The Laws of Slavery in Texas: Historical Documents and Essays. Ed. by Randolph B. Campbell. Comp. by William S. Pugsley and Marilyn P. Duncan. (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2010).

Ledbetter, Barbara A., "Black and Mexican Slaves in Young County, Texas, 1856–1865," West Texas Historical Association Year Book 56 (1980).

Ledbetter, Billy D., "Slave Unrest and White Panic: The Impact of Black Republicanism in Ante-Bellum Texas," Texana 10, no. 4 (1972).

Lee, Susan. The Westward Movement of the Cotton Economy, 1840-1860: Perceived Interests and Economic Realities. (New York: Arno Press, 1979).

Lightner, David L. and Alexander M. Ragan, "Were African American Slaveholders Benevolent or Exploitative? A Quantitative Approach," Journal of Southern History 71, no. 3 (August, 2005).

Lowe, Richard, and Randolph Campbell, "Slave Property and the Distribution of Wealth in Texas, 1860," Journal of American History 63, no. 2 (September, 1976).

__________, “Slave Property and the Distribution of Wealth in Texas, 1860,” Journal of American History 63, no. 2 (September, 1976).

McAuley, Davis, "Education and Religion under Slavery in Bastrop County, Texas," Sayersville Historical Association Bulletin 8 (Fall, 1988).

McGhee, Fred L. The Black Crop: Slavery and Slave Trading in Nineteenth Century Texas. (Austin: [Dissertation, University of Texas at Austin] 2000).

Malone, Ann Patton. Women on the Texas Frontier: A Cross-Cultural Perspective. (El Paso: Texas Western Press, University of Texas at El Paso, 1983).

Marten, James, "Slaves and Rebels: The Peculiar Institution in Texas, 1861–1865," East Texas Historical Journal 28, no. 1 (1990).

Mendiola, Kelly W., "Reading Ex-Slave Narratives: The Federal Writers’ Project in Travis County, Texas," Journal of the American Studies Association of Texas 28 (October, 1997).

Menn, Joseph K. The Large Slaveholders of the Deep South, 1860. (Austin: [Dissertation, University of Texas] 1964).

Moretta, John, “The Censoring of Lorenzo Sherwood: The Politics of Railroads, Slavery, and Southernism in Antebellum Texas,” East Texas Historical Journal 35, no. 2 (1997).

Morgan, Edmund S., "Slavery and Freedom: The American Paradox," Journal of American History 59, no. 1 (June, 1972).

Morrison, Michael A. Slavery and the American West: The Eclipse of Manifest Destiny and the Coming of the Civil War. (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997).

Muir, Andrew F. The Free Negro in Fort Bend County, Texas. (S. l., 1948?). [Repr. from Journal of Negro History 33, no. 1 (January, 1948)]

__________, "The Free Negro in Harris County, Texas," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 46, no. 3 (January, 1943).

__________. The Free Negro in Jefferson and Orange Counties, Texas. (Houston, 1950?). [Repr. from Journal of Negro History 35, no. 2 (April, 1950)]

Murphy, Lawrence. Antislavery in the Southwest: William G. Kephart’s Mission to New Mexico. (El Paso: Texas Western Press, 1978).

Nash, A. E. Keir, "The Texas Supreme Court and Trial Rights of Blacks, 1845–1860," Journal of American History 58 (December, 1971).

Neilson, Mary Sue. Slavery and the American Civil War: Pamphlets in the Littlefield Fund for Southern History. (Austin: University of Texas General Libraries, 1987).

"No Land—Only Slaves!" (Abstracted) by Edith Smith & Vivian Lohman. (Dallas, 2001). [Louisiana and Texas slave registers]

Nolen, Claude H. African American Southerners in Slavery, Civil War, and Reconstruction. (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2001).

Norton, Wesley, "The Methodist Episcopal Church and the Civil Disturbances in North Texas in 1859 and 1860," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 68, no. 3 (January, 1965).

Odell, Arabella G. Reopening the African Slave Trade in Texas. (Austin: [Thesis, University of Texas] 1946).

Olmsted, Frederick Law. A Journey Through Texas; A Saddle-Trip on the Southwestern Frontier (New York: Mason Brothers, 1860).

__________. The Slave States. Ed., with an introd. by Harvey Wish. Rev. and enl. ed. (New York: Capricorn Books, 1959).

__________. Slavery and the South, 1852-1857. Charles E. Beveridge, Charles C. McLaughlin, eds. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1981).

Olson, James S. Slave Life in America: A Historiography and Selected Bibliography. (Lanham: University Press of America, 1983).

Palm, Rebecca, "Protestant Churches and Slavery in Matagorda County," East Texas Historical Journal 14, no. 1 (Spring, 1976).

Pearce, Margret H., "The Gano Cabin and a Story from Slave Narratives," The Dallas Journal 42 (December, 1996).

Peeples, Matthew, “Creating Political Authority: The Role of the Antebellum Black Press in the Political Mobilization of African Americans,” Journalism History 34, no. 2 (Summer, 2008).

Petrovich, Alisa V., “The Jacksons of Brazoria County: The Life, the Myth, and the Impact of a Plantation Family,” East Texas Historical Journal 35, no. 2 (1998).

Phillips, Michael, "White Violence, Hegemony, and Slave Rebellion in Dallas, Texas, before the Civil War," East Texas Historical Journal 37, no. 2 (1999).

Phillips, Ulrich B., "Plantations with Slave Labor and Free," Agricultural History 12, no. 1 (January, 1938).

Porter, Kenneth W., The Black Seminoles: History of a Freedom-seeking People. (Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1996).

__________, "Negroes and Indians on the Texas Frontier, 1834–1874," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 53, no. 2 (October, 1949).

Rabe, Elizabeth R., "Richard Benett Hubbard, Jr., and the African-Americans on the Hubbard Plantation," Texas Historian 56, no. 1 (September, 1995). [Smith Co.]

__________, "Slave Children of Texas: A Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis," East Texas Historical Journal 42, no. 1 (2004).

Ramsdell, Charles W. The Natural Limits of Slavery Expansion. (Cedar Rapids, IO: Mississippi Valley Historical Association, 1929). [Repr. from Mississippi Valley Historical Review 16, no. 2 (September, 1929).

__________, “The Natural Limits of Slavery Expansion,” Southwestern Historical Quarterly 33, No. 2 (October, 1929).

Reid, Thomas, "Unwilling Pioneers: Slavery and Emancipation in Tyler County, Texas, 1846-1880," 41 (November, 2005).

Remembering Slavery: African Americans Talk About Their Personal Experiences of Slavery and Freedom. Ed. Ira Berlin, Marc Favreau, and Steven F. Miller. (New York: The New Press, in association with the Library of Congress, 1998).

__________. Live Recordings and Dramatic Readings of Interviews with Former Slaves. 2 audiocassettes. (New York: The New Press, in conjunction with the Library of Congress and the Smithsonian Institution, 1998).

Reynolds, Donald E. "Reluctant Martyr: Anthony Bewley and the Texas Slave Insurrection Panic of 1860," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 96, no. 3 (January, 1993).

__________, "Smith County & Its Neighbors during the Slave Insurrection Panic of 1860," Chronicles of Smith County, Texas 10, no. 2 (Fall, 1972).

Robbins, Fred, "The Origin and Development of the African Slave Trade in Galveston, Texas and Surrounding Areas from 1816 to 1836," East Texas Historical Journal 9, no. 2 (October, 1971).

Robertson, Robert J., "Slavery and the Coming of the Civil War, as Seen in the Beaumont Banner," East Texas Historical Journal 34, no. 1 (1996).

Rozek, Barbara J., "Galveston Slavery," Houston Review 15, no. 2 (1993).

Russel, Robert R., "The Effects of Slavery upon Nonslaveholders in the Ante Bellum South," Agricultural History 15, no. 2 (April, 1941).

Scarbrough, William K. Masters of the Big House: Elite Slaveholders of the Mid-Nineteenth-Century South. (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2003).

Schoen, Harold. The Free Negro in the Republic of Texas. (Austin: [Thesis, University of Texas] 1933).

__________, "The Free Negro in the Republic of Texas (Parts I–VI)" Southwestern Historical Quarterly 39, no. 4 (April, 1936)–41, no. 1 (July, 1937):

  • I: Origin of the Free Negro in the Republic of Texas
  • II: The Free Negro and the Texas Revolution
  • III: Manumissions
  • IV: Legal Status
  • V: The Law in Practice
  • VI: The Extent of the Discrimination and Its Effects

Schwartz, Rosalie. Across the Rio to Freedom: U. S. Negroes in Mexico. (El Paso: Texas Western Press, University of Texas at El Paso, 1974, c1975).

Smallwood, James, "Blacks in Antebellum Texas: A Reappraisal," Red River Valley Historical Review 2, no. 4 (Winter, 1975).

Smith, Ralph A., "The Mamelukes of West Texas and Mexico," West Texas Historical Association Year Book 39 (October, 1963). [Runaway slave warriors]

Smith, T. V., "Slavery and the American Doctrine of Equality," Southwestern Political and Social Science Quarterly 7, no. 4 (March, 1927).

Starling, Marion W. The Slave Narrative: Its Place in American History. 2d. ed. (Washington, D. C.: Howard University Press, 1988, c1946).

Story, Lorain D. 1960 Census of Hunt County, Texas; (includes the 1860 Mortality and Slave Schedules). Ed. and published by Search-N-Print. (Farmersville, TX: Search-N-Print, 1979).

Streets, David H. Slave Genealogy: A Research Guide with Case Studies. (Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, 1986).

Talk That Talk Some More!: On the Cutting Room Floor. Comp. and ed. Marian E. Barnes (Austin: Eakin Press, 1993).

Taylor, Yuval. I Was Born a Slave: An Anthology of Classic Slave Narratives. (Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books, 1999).

Tedford, Sandra H. Mortality and Slave Schedules of Limestone County, Texas, 1850–1880. (Farmersville, TX, 1989).

Terry, Brenda. Slaves II: A Deeper Look into the WPA Slave Narrative: from a Genealogist Perspective. (Dallas: One Born Pub. Co., 1998).

Texana II: Cultural Heritage of the Plantation South: Proceedings. Ed. by Candace Volz. (Austin: Texas Historical Commission, 1982).

Texana II: Cultural Heritage of the Plantation South: The Revised Proceedings of a Humanities Forum Held at Jefferson, Texas, June 4-6, 1981. Sponsored by the Texas Historical Commission … 2. Ed. (Austin: The Commission, 1984).

Texas. Legislature. Committee on Slaves and Slavery. Report on Kansas from Committee on Slaves and Slavery. (Austin: J. Marshall & Co., State Printers, 1856).

Texas. Legislature. House of Representatives. Committee on Slaves and Slavery. A Report and Treatise on Slavery and the Slavery Agitation. (Austin: J. Marshall & Co., State Printers, 1857).

’Till Freedom Cried Out: Memories of Texas Slave Life. Ed. by T. Lindsay Baker and Julie P. Baker. (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1997).

Tjarks, Alicia V., Comparative Demographic Analysis of Texas, 1777–1793," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 77, no. 3 (January, 1974).

Translations of Statistical and Census Reports of Texas, 1782–1836, and Sources Documenting the Black in Texas, 1603–1803. 3 reels. [microfilm]

Treaty between Her Majesty and the Republick of Texas, for the Suppression of the African Slave Trade. Signed at London, November 16, 1840 … (London: T. R. Harrison, 1842).

Tyler, Ronnie C., "The Callahan Expedition of 1855: Indians or Negroes?" Southwestern Historical Quarterly 70, no. 4 (April, 1967).

__________. The Slave Narratives of Texas. (Austin: Encino Press, 1974).

Unchained Memories: Readings from the Slave Narratives / An HBO Documentary Film in association with the Library of Congress. Producers, Jacqueline Grover, Thomas Lennon. Writer, Mark Jonathan Harris. Directors, Ed Bell, Thomas Lennon. (New York: HBO Video, 2003). [videocassette]

U. S. Bureau of the Census. Slave Population Schedules for Texas, 1850 and 1860. [Microform, arranged by county in alphabetical order]

U. S. Congress. Senate. Select Committee on Slavery and the Treatment of Freedmen. Report. (Washington, D. C.: Govt. Print Office, 1864).

Van Evrie, John H. Negroes and Negro "Slavery": The First an Inferior Race; the Latter Its Normal Condition. (Baltimore: J. D. Toy, Printer, 1853).

Wheat, Marvin T. The Progress and Intelligence of Americans; Collateral Proof of Slavery, from the First to the Eleventh Chapter of Genesis, as Founded on Organic Law; and from the Fact of Christ Being a Caucasian, Owing to His Particular Parentage; Progress of Slavery South and South-West, with Free Labor Advancing, through the Acquisition of Territory; Advantages Enumerated and Explained. 2. ed. (Louisville, KY, 1863).

Wheeler, Kenneth M. To Wear a City’s Crown: The Beginnings of Urban Growth in Texas, 1836–1865. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1868). [See entries for "Slavery"]

Whipple, Charles K. The Family Relation, as Affected by Slavery. (Cincinnati: American Reform and Book Society, 1858).

White, Deborah G. Ar’n’t I a Woman? Female Slaves in the Plantation South. (New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1985).

White, Shane, and Graham White. The Sounds of Slavery: Discovering African American History Through Songs, Sermons, and Speech. (Boston: Beacon Press, 2005).

White, William W., "The Texas Slave Insurrection of 1860," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 52, no. 3 (January, 1949).

Winegarten, Ruthe, "Texas Slave Families," Texas Humanist 7, no. 4 (March–April, 1985).

Winningham, Mrs. David, "Sam Houston and Slavery," Texana 3, no. 2 (Summer, 1965).

Woolfolk, George R., "Cotton Capitalism and Slave Labor in Texas," Southwestern Social Science Quarterly 37, no. 1 (June, 1956).

__________. The Free Negro in Texas, 1800–1860: A Study in Cultural Compromise. (Ann Arbor: University Microforms International, 1976).

Wooster, Ralph A., "Notes on Texas’ Largest Slaveholders, 1860," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 65, no. 1 (July, 1961).

Yarbrough, Fay A., "Power, Perception, and Interracial Sex: Former Slaves Recall a Multiracial South," Journal of Southern History 71, no. 3 (August, 2005).

Yetman, Norman R. Life under the "Peculiar Institution": Selections from the Slave Narrative Collection. (Dallas: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, Inc., 1970).