Sara Clark Collection on Social, Political, and Environmental Reform
Compiled on July 24, 2012.
This special "collection of collections" honors the outstanding work of Sara Clark, former Head of Archives and Manuscripts at the Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.
ARCHIVES AND MANUSCRIPTS
ALTERNATIVE VIEWS VIDEO COLLECTION, 1978-1998. 59 ft., 1 in.
Videocassettes, financial records, correspondence, programming materials, articles of incorporation, and by-laws comprise the Alternative Views Video Collection (1978-1998), which documents the operations of the Austin, Texas, public affairs program.
ADA COLLINS AND MARCELLUS J. "ANDY" ANDERSON PAPERS, 1924-2001. 20 ft.
Business and organizational records, correspondence, program information, financial records, video and audio tapes (1924-2001 [bulk 1955-1995]) concerning civil rights, arts education, Freemasonry, political activities. The papers of both Andersons include materials related to civil rights activities and African-American professional organizations in Texas, as well as campaign events for Lyndon Johnson, Hubert Humphrey, Jesse Jackson and local politicians.
AUSTIN WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION RECORDS, 1908-1915. 2 items.
Records consist of the constitution, list of charter members, and minutes of meetings of the association.
ALICE EMBREE PAPERS, 1962-2013. 3 ft.
The Alice Embree Papers, 1962-2013, consist of original material, correspondence, copies of articles, leaflets, newspapers and journals of personal and political history related to civil rights, human rights, anti-war, women’s liberation, and social justice work during the sixties and seventies, and beyond.
ALLI AWEUSI COLLECTION, 1969-1995. 20 ft.
Cassette tapes, reel-to-reel tapes, and slides comprise the Alli Aweusi Collection (1969-1995), which documents the Black Panther Party and the civil rights movement. Alli Aweusi (John O. Greenlow III) was a former member of the Black Panther Party for Self Defense in the 1960s and 1970s. His collection contains speeches, interviews, and slides dealing with the Black Panthers and other movements.
TONY BELL PAPERS, 1950-1993. 2 ft.
Tony Bell (d. 1993) was an artist, model builder, cartoonist, designer, sculptor, and creator of the 1960s cartoon character Wonder Wart-Hog. Artifacts, drawings, cartoons, photographs, clippings, awards, a diploma, and printed material comprise the papers.
CAROTHERS GHOLSON BERGER PAPERS, 1967-1977. 6 ft.
Papers of Berger, trial attorney for the U.S. Department of Labor (1961-1979), reflect her volunteer legal work for the cause of women’s rights, her participation in women’s organizations, and her work for the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment.
BREAD AND ROSES SCHOOL FOR SOCIALIST EDUCATION ARCHIVE, 1975-1979. 7 ft, 6 in.
The Bread and Roses School for Socialist Education was formed in Austin, Texas, in 1975 to promote an anti-capitalist left wing agenda as an alternative to mainstream ideology. Materials include newsletters and educational materials from around the world.
CITIZENS UNITED FOR THE REHABILITATION OF ERRANTS (C.U.R.E.) RECORDS, ca. 1947, 1972-2010. 13 ft., 8 in.
Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants (C.U.R.E.) was founded in 1972 by Charles and Pauline Sullivan in San Antonio, Texas as a membership organization of families of prisoners, prisoners, former prisoners, and other concerned citizens who work to reduce crime through criminal justice reform. Correspondence, newsletters, legal material, videotapes, photographs, and printed material document the work of the organization at both the national and state levels.
JUANITA JEWEL SHANKS CRAFT COLLECTION, 1939-1983. 2 ft., 6 in.
This collection compiled by Craft, a Dallas activist, documents NAACP political and social stands, Dallas Youth Council activities in challenging segregation in the Dallas area in the 1950s, and social problems in the Dallas area. Included are printed materials, correspondence, certificates, minute books, speeches, a scrapbook, and 44 photographs of unidentified NAACP leaders.
MICHAEL EAKIN PAPERS, 1952-1981. 3 ft.
Papers document the reporting career of Eakin and his interest in energy resources and other topics. Included are subject files covering political and socioeconomic topics, including the Texas nuclear industry, the auto industry, pollution, U.S. legislation and foreign relations, and various power resources, such as coal, solar, and oil and gas. The papers also include books and magazines about energy resources, philosophy, American politics, capitalism, and Marxism.
DOROTHY EMERSON COLLECTION, 1977-1991. 12 ft., 1 in.
Collection consists of newsletters, pamphlets, brochures, catalogs, broadsides, and newspaper clippings collected by Dorothy Emerson, an Austin feminist and member of the Austin Area Holistic Health Association (AAHHA). Materials relate to feminist and holistic health oriented groups around Texas and the U.S., and to gay and lesbian issues.
FRANCES TARLTON FARENTHOLD PAPERS, 1913-2011. 108 ft., 8 in.
Papers consist of legal, political, and personal correspondence; legal, political, legislative, and committee files; newsletters, reports, and bulletins; research material; newspaper clippings; maps; video cassettes; audio tapes; and photographs. The papers document Farenthold’s support of women’s rights and women’s increased involvement in politics; activism in the nuclear disarmament and peace movements; promotion of civil and prisoners’ rights; international relations in China, the U.S.S.R., South Africa, and other countries; as well as education, health, militarization, and other social and political issues in developing countries.
JAMES LEONARD, JR. AND LULA PETERSON FARMER PAPERS, 1920-1999. 46 ft., 1 in.
The Farmer Collection documents the Farmers' professional and personal involvement in the U.S. civil rights movement and four organizations founded by James Farmer, including the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE). Also included are: materials relating to Farmer's unsuccessful campaign for Congress in 1968 and his tenure as assistant secretary of the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare (1969-1970); correspondence relating to lecture engagements; literary productions; and personal papers relating to the Farmer and Peterson families.
FIELD FOUNDATION ARCHIVES, 1940-1990. 242 ft., 3 in.
The Field Foundation (1940-1988) provided support to organizations promoting civil rights, civil liberties, and child welfare and to other groups and individuals working for social change. Correspondence, reports, minutes, legal documents, printed material, clippings, and photographs document the wide ranging list of movements and groups the foundation supported as well as the foundation's role as an active participant in social change.
HENRY B. GONZALEZ PAPERS, 1946-1998. 476 ft.
Correspondence, printed material, creative works, legal documents, financial documents, minutes, photographic materials, sound recordings, and works of art comprise the papers of Representative Henry B. Gonzalez (1950-1998, bulk 1962-1997).
GOOD NEIGHBOR COMMISSION RECORDS, 1949-1950. 1/4 in.
The Good Neighbor Commission was established in 1943 to improve education, housing, and health measures for migrant workers and other Mexicans living in Texas. The records of the commission contain manuscripts pertaining to Mexican discrimination in Texas, labor and human relations and problems between Texas and Latin American nations, and intercultural education and history.
R. C. HICKMAN PHOTOGRAPHIC ARCHIVE, 1945-1970. 13 ft., 3 in.
The R. C. Hickman Photographic Archive is comprised of Hickman's professional photographic work for newspapers, magazines, and the NAACP. The archive documents the social history of African-Americans in Dallas during the 1940's,1950's and 1960's.
MELISSA HIELD PAPERS, 1889-1991. 38 ft., 6 in.
Collection consists of materials documenting the career and activities of Melissa Hield, feminist historian, women's rights activist, and instructor in the University of Texas at Austin American Studies Department.
BARBARA HINES PAPERS, 1972-1974. 1 1/4 in.
Comprised of photocopies and originals of government records, the Barbara Hines Papers, 1972-1974, document the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s examination of Hines’ activities as a clerk working for the Internal Revenue Service. Specifically, the records highlight her involvement in the Women’s Liberation organization in Texas and her interest the Women’s Abortion Coalition while a student at University of Texas at Austin.
BONNIE D. HUVAL PAPERS, 1977-1992. 12 ft.
Bonnie D. Huval, originally from Texas, has worked as an engineer in oilfield services and at the Johnson Space Center as well as a consultant helping companies with dispatch, transaction, and automation systems. From 1983 to 1986, she served as the director of the National Organization for Women (NOW) South Central region. Huval’s classified files pertain to the National Organization for Women (NOW), the NOW South Central region, and Texas NOW, including national board meetings and other NOW sessions, the 1987 NOW Convention in Philadelphia, NOW elections, and membership.
INDUSTRIAL AREAS FOUNDATION RECORDS, [ca. 1938-1995] (bulk 1951-1987). 28 ft., 8 in.
Correspondence; clippings, periodicals, and ephemera; notes and manuscripts; and photographic prints, negatives, and motion picture film document the organizational, administrative, and promotional work of the founder of the Industrial Areas Foundation, Saul Alinsky, and two other important staff members, Edward T. Chambers and Larry B. McNeil.
JACK JACKSON PAPERS, 1942-1943, 1958-2004. 49 ft.
Collection documents the work of Jack Jackson ("Jaxon"), artist, illustrator, Rip-Off Press co-founder, author, and historian, and reflects the popular culture of Austin, Texas, and San Francisco, California, during the late 1960s and early 1970s.
FRANCES JALET-CRUZ PAPERS, 1966-1986. 34 ft.
Frances Jalet-Cruz represented Texas inmates in suits against the Texas prison system and became one of the central figures in the Texas prison reform movement during the late 1960's and 1970's. Papers contain correspondence, legal documents, diaries, newspapers, clippings, and printed material, much of which relates to an inmate, Fred Cruz’s, lengthy legal battle with the Texas Department of Corrections over prisoners’ rights.
JOHN R. KRAMER PAPERS, ca. 1938-2006. 34 ft.
Comprising photographs, correspondence, notes, research files, and legal documents, the John R. Kramer Papers, [ca. 1938-2006], document Kramer’s life and career in legislation, legal education, social action, and private legal practice. His research and writing on specific "War On Poverty" legislation, including the Food Nutrition Act of 1970 and the Food Distribution Act of 1972 are included, in addition to documentation regarding his leadership as president of the Field Foundation.
LESBIAN-GAY RIGHTS LOBBY OF TEXAS RECORDS, 1981-1991. 10 ft.
Material concerns lobbying activities, AIDS, the National Gay-Lesbian Task Force, legislation in Texas 1981-1986 concerning gay and lesbian issues, and other topics. Includes copies of Texas Forum (1987), Montrose Voice (1988-1989), This Week in Texas, The Advocate (1983-1990), The Calendar (1983-1990), and Dialog (1986-1989).
LESBIAN ISSUES COLLECTION, 1975-1991. 3 ft.
Includes newsletters, magazines, correspondence, clippings, and ephemera pertaining to women’s issues, equal rights, gay and lesbian issues, and socialist movements. Some journals and magazines of note in the collection include Amazon Quarterly, Moonstorm, Lesbian Tide, Black Belt Woman, Socialist Review, and Plexus. The collection also includes a book of special note, the Civil Rights Directory, 1975. Also included in the collection are two letters from Rita Mae Brown to "Trella/Patricia" and "Sweeties" (1975-1976).
CALVIN LITTLEJOHN PHOTOGRAPHIC ARCHIVE, ca. 1948-1993. 63 ft.,5.5 in.
The archive consists of Littlejohn's professional work done primarily in the Fort Worth, Texas area, including studio portraits, group portraits at social gatherings, church services, school events, birthday parties, and other images of the African-American experience in North Texas.
MAURY MAVERICK, JR. PAPERS [CA. 1835-2000] CA. 42 ft.
Composing campaign materials, correspondence, news clippings, notes, subject files, briefs, court decisions, motions, reports photographs, and scrapbooks the Maury Maverick, Jr., Papers, [ca. 1835-2003], document the life of politician, attorney, columnist, and civil rights activist Maury Maverick, Jr.
RICHARD M. MOREHEAD PAPERS, 1903, 1922-1995. 51 ft.
Correspondence, newspaper and magazine clippings, literary productions, reports, speeches, pamphlets, periodicals, books, photographs and programs comprise the Richard M. Morehead Papers, 1903, 1922-1995, documenting his personal and professional life. Included are newspaper clippings of articles by Morehead, classified research files of clippings and other printed material related to education, school integration, civil rights, race relations and blacks in Texas and the South, primarily after the 1954 school desegregation ruling from the U. S. Supreme Court.
JACK NEWFIELD PAPERS, 1910, 1932-2005 (bulk 1964-2005). 195 ft.
Newspaper clippings, correspondence, notes, legal documents, drafts, manuscripts, galley proofs, diaries, appointment/date books, annotated books, audiovisual material, and photographs comprise the Jack Newfield Papers, 1910, 1932-2005 (bulk 1964-2005), and document Jack Newfield’s career as an investigative journalist and author. Newfield, a supporter of and participant in the civil rights movement, spent two nights in a Mississippi jail in 1963 after his arrest at a sit-in.
J. R. PARTEN PAPERS, 1890-1899, 1913-1992, 2009. 184 ft.
The Parten Papers document the life and career of J. R. Parten, Texas oil and sulphur industries entrepreneur, rancher, University of Texas regent and supporter, federal government official, Democratic Party leader and financier, civil libertarian, and anti-Vietnam War and anti-nuclear war activist.
JANA PELLUSCH PAPERS, 1952-1992. 7 ft.
Newspaper clippings, printed material, serials, letters, audio cassettes, quasi-publications, and writings (1952-1992, bulk 1969-1980) collected and created by Jana Pellusch (b. 1950) document her membership in the Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers Union from 1974-1989; her involvement in political, social, and economic organizations in Kansas and Texas; her campaign for Texas Railroad Commissioner; and her writings for The Militant.
PEOPLE’S HISTORY IN TEXAS RECORDS, 1976-2005. 44 ft., 3 in.
This diverse collection contains a wide range of materials relating to topics such as Texas labor unions, women in Texas history, the 1938 Hot Oil War in East Texas, and the records of the People's History in Texas organization. Much of the collection centers on oral history audio and video projects overseen by organization leaders Melissa Hield and Jim Cullers. Among the topics represented in the records are: hunger in America, workers' rights, environmental protection, nuclear weapons protests, police brutality, Texas literature (including John Henry Faulk), prison reform, and the Montopolis community in Austin, Texas.
LAWRENCE C. POPE COLLECTION, 1961-1989. 90 ft.
Correspondence, newspaper clippings, legal documents, reports, financial records, and printed materials were gathered from 1961 to 1989 by Pope, a former Texas bank president who spent 21 years in prison for armed robbery. Pope assisted other inmates in filing lawsuits against state and federal prison systems. The materials focus primarily on the Texas Department of Corrections, and to a lesser extent on banks and banking in Texas. Nineteen audiocassettes, with transcripts, contain interviews with Pope, recounting his life.
BERNARD RAPOPORT PAPERS, 1913-2011. ca. 206 ft.
Composed of correspondence, meeting notes, diaries, college papers, political files, photographs, newspaper clippings, printed material, speeches, and audiovisual materials, the Bernard Rapoport Papers, 1913-, document his career at the American Income Life Company, his support of Democratic politicians and issues in the United States, particularly Texas, and his philanthropic activities in education, healthcare, and social justice.
DAVID RICHARDS PAPERS, 1968-1997. 7 ft., 5 in.
Contains legal documents, correspondence, research material, and newsclipping pertaining to David Richards' career as a civil right attorney in Austin, Texas.
BRUCE ROBERTS PHOTOGRAPHIC ARCHIVE, 1948-1989. 5 in. manuscript material; 79,941 photonegatives; 2,845 photoprints; 1,206 positive transparencies, 4 CDs.
The images in this collection chronicle the Southern experience during a significant transitional period in its history: from the early Civil Rights years to the many signs of hope for change embodied in such social programs as Head Start, VISTA, and various rural health initiatives the 1960s and 1970s.
RUIZ CASE OFFICE OF SPECIAL MASTER RECORDS, 1979-1992. 222 ft.
Correspondence, pleadings, exhibits, motions, reports, orders, plans, and official publications relate to the work of the Office of the Special Master, created to oversee compliance with and implementation of the rulings of the federal courts in the landmark case of Ruiz et al. v. State of Texas. Also included are trial transcripts and exhibits in the Ruiz case from the law office of attorney William Bennett Turner, as well as a large body of prison medical testimony.
STEVE RUSSELL AND DONNA MOBLEY PAPERS, 1959-1992. 24 ft.
Comprised of correspondence, newspaper clippings, meeting minutes, teaching materials, campaign brochures, printed materials, and notes documenting Russell’s career as a lawyer, activist, and trial court judge as well as Mobley’s career as a union organizer and activist.
FLIP SCHULKE PHOTOGRAPHIC ARCHIVES, ca.1950-2003. ca. 300,000 images.
This collection contains all of Schulke’s work on the civil rights movement, as well as his underwater and space flight images, and his acclaimed photographs of Jacques Cousteau, Fidel Castro, John F. Kennedy, and Muhammad Ali/Cassius Clay. Also included is a portfolio on the Berlin Wall.
SHALAN FOUNDATION RECORDS, 1973-1992. 56 ft., 3 in.
The Shalan Foundation, based in San Francisco, California, was founded in 1973 and closed in 1993. It provided grants to promote environmental balance and economic justice, sustainable development and democracy, participatory planning and healthy communities. Records include mission statements, policy documents, speeches, pamphlets, statistics, economic material, campaign material, revenue and expense statements, reports, clippings, and grant, administration, and financial files.
G.K. SPRINKLE PAPERS, 1973-1991. 20 in.
Papers consist of National Organization for Women (NOW) meeting minutes along with Texas NOW President G.K. Sprinkle's correspondence and gathered materials on feminist issues.
STUDENTS FOR A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY RECORDS, 1967-1971. 1 in.
The Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) Records, 1967-1971, contains original flyers and an article, as well as photocopies of meeting reports, UT press releases, correspondence and memoranda by UT staff (including Harry Ransom), and newspaper clippings. Materials pertain to the activities, including protests and meetings, of the SDS and associated student organizations.
TEXAS HUMAN RIGHTS FOUNDATION RECORDS, 1978-1992. 43 ft.
Founded in 1977 by Robert "Mort" Schwab, the Texas Human Rights Foundation is devoted to protecting the human rights of Texans, with the primary goal of ending discrimination against homosexuals, bisexuals, transsexuals, and persons living with AIDS and HIV. Records pertain to human rights and gay rights case law, public policy, human rights events and awards, gay and lesbian issues, AIDS awareness, fundraising, and grants.
TEXAS LESBIAN CONFERENCE RECORDS, 1987-1992. 1 ft., 6 in.
Two Dallas-based lesbian organizations, Among Friends and Lesbian Visionaries sponsored the first Texas Lesbian Conference in 1988. Records contain the organizations’ founding documents and material related to planning the annual conference.
TEXAS OBSERVER RECORDS, 1952-2004. 160 ft.
Newspaper clippings, correspondence, memos, photographs and research and business records comprise the bulk of the Texas Observer Records, an alternative, progressive monthly journal published in Austin, Texas.
TEXAS WOMAN’S CHRISTIAN TEMPERANCE UNION SCRAPBOOK, 1922-1941. 1 in.
Scrapbook consists of newspaper clippings relating primarily to the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), as well as to other women’s organizations of the day. The WCTU promoted abstinence from alcoholic beverages and shutting down liquor dealers as a means to reduce crime, poverty, and immorality, and it fostered political activity among women by promoting social-welfare reforms and women’s suffrage in the name of "home protection."
MARIANN WIZARD PAPERS, [ca.1940s]-2009. 4 ft., 7 in.
Correspondence, printed material, creative works, legal documents, diaries, artwork, and photographic materials document Wizard's involvement in Austin radical politics, her personal relationships, and her literary endeavors. Correspondence involving notable literary and political figures bulks with correspondence from imprisoned Austin radical Marilyn Buck as well as correspondence from University of Texas administrators during the mid-1960s concerning student activities. The papers of George Vizard, murdered by Robert Zani on July 23, 1967, are also included.
WOMAN’S COMMONWEALTH ARCHIVE, 1760-1991. 4 ft., 10 in.
Correspondence, ledgers, photographs, journals, company records, newspaper clippings, membership lists, account books, legal documents, financial records, greeting cards, and miscellaneous printed material relating to the history, development, membership, and activities of the Woman’s Commonwealth and to Martha McWhirter, organization president, during its years in Belton, Texas, and Washington, D.C. (ca. 1860s-1920s).
WOMEN’S STUDIES RESEARCH SEMINAR ORAL HISTORY COLLECTION, 1991-1992. 36 items.
Composed of audiocassettes and a transcript, the Women’s Studies Research Seminar Oral History Collection, 1991-1992, documents numerous lectures and panel discussions regarding feminist theory and women’s issues, primarily concerning the United States, sponsored by the University of Texas at Austin’s Department of Women Studies from Fall 1991 through Fall 1992.
WATERLOO COUNSELING CENTER RECORDS, 1982-. 5 ft., 7 in.
Collection includes administrative records of the Waterloo Counseling Center, an independent nonprofit mental health facility devoted to providing affordable care related to lesbian, bisexual and HIV mental health in Austin, Texas, and documentation related to many other social service and activist organizations at the local, state, and national levels.
FREIDA WERDEN PAPERS, 1968-1985. 27 ft.
Correspondence, literary productions, research notes, and articles published by Werden, co-founder and producer of WINGS: Women’s International News Gathering Service, document her activism and career in public radio. Also included are printed materials relating to avant-garde arts in Texas; public radio production; the gay community in Austin, Texas, and elsewhere; Texans in New York; poets and poetry in Austin and Texas (including Werden’s own compositions); feminist poets; small press publishing in Texas; women and religion (specifically Unitarianism and Judaism); and journals and newsletters about feminism in Texas. The collection also features audio-visual material.
RUTHE WINEGARTEN PAPERS, 1912-2004. 108 ft., 2 in.
Research files, correspondence, photographs, printed material, posters, books, clippings, speeches and literary works document the educational, social and cultural interests, as well as the life and career of Ruthe Winegarten, a historian and writer, lecturer and teacher, former research director of the Texas Foundation for Women’s Resources, and founding member of the Texas Jewish Historical Society. The research files, especially, are extensive in their coverage of the histories of Hispanic women, African American women, Jewish women and women from various occupational fields.
RALPH W. YARBOROUGH PAPERS, 1836, 1844, 1911-1988. Ca. 1,400 ft.
The papers of United States Senator Ralph W. Yarborough from Texas include both professional and personal material. Containing bills, grants, correspondence, and research files, legislative records document Yarborough’s tenure on various Senate committees as well as his efforts promoting, education, civil rights, historic preservation, environmental protection, and gun control. The records also highlight his work with various executive departments, including the Departments of Agriculture, Defense, Housing and Urban Development, and Health, Education, and Welfare.