Skip to NavSkip to Content

The University of Texas at Austin

Research Reference Tools

Texas Colonial Period - Resources for Genealogical Research - detail di_03340 Governor Cabello’s census of the Province of Texas, “Provincia de los Texas”

Texas Colonial Period

(updated 9-4-2009)

Resources for Genealogical Research

The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History houses numerous materials useful in the study of genealogy during the Texas colonial period. Most of the information beneficial for genealogy during this time period is located in the manuscript collections. Those collections include a wide range of materials, such as censuses, birth records, marriage records, baptismal records, death records, title and land grant information, correspondence, printed materials, mission reports, and reports of colonial officials. Much of the information is in Spanish, although some collections include English translations. 

Manuscripts and Archives

Archivo General de las Indias – Audiencia de Guadalajara, 1592–1821. (54 vols.) Audiencia de México, 1590–1819. (72 vols.)

The Center owns copies of large sections of the Archivo General de las Indias (AGI), the archives that contain all official information pertaining to Spanish colonial rule in the Americas. During the colonial period, Texas fell under the jurisdiction of the Audiencia de Guadalajara. The Audiencia de Guadalajara and Audiencia de México collections contain official reports, decrees, orders, correspondence, and inspection results associated with civil, military, economic, political, and religious life in Texas and Coahuila. They are particularly rich resources for the study of missions, early settlements, and relations with Indians. Among the documents found in the collection are partial censuses and lists of citizens of communities in the area. Most documents are photostat copies of the original manuscripts. These collections do include detailed calendars that briefly describe most documents in the collection.

Archivo General de México - Archivo General de la Nación, 1560–1844. (25 ft.)

Along with portions of the Spanish Archivo General de las Indias, the Center also owns copies of portions of México's Archivo General de México, or Archivo General de la Nación (AGM or AGN). This collection contains a wide variety of material dating from the early colonial period through the Texas independence and annexation periods. Early material includes mission and Inquisition reports from the area. Later material deals much more specifically with the Spanish and Mexican attempts to settle Texas, reports on conditions in the area, reports on military operations during the Mexican and Texas Independence wars, and relations between Mexican and United States officials during the annexation period. The collection contains a combination of photostat copies of original documents and transcriptions of original documents in Spanish.

Austin Papers, 1676–1889. (9 ft., 6 in.)

The Austin papers consist of primarily the personal and official records of Moses Austin (1761–1821) and his son Stephen F. Austin (1793–1836) who carried out his father's plan for the Anglo-Saxon colonization of Mexican Texas. Documents pertaining to the establishment and management of the colony in Texas comprise a significant portion of the collection. Items in the collection also describe the Texas Revolution and the early Republic period. The collection also includes Stephen F. Austin's original plat maps of Mexican Texas, showing land granted to Anglo colonizers.

Charles A. Bacarisse Narrative, undated. (1 item.)

Biographical study by University of Houston historian Bacarisse of Felipe Enrique Neri, Baron de Bastrop (1766?–1827), and his activities in the colonization of Louisiana and Texas under the Spanish and Mexican governments (1795–1827) including his efforts to assist Moses and Stephen F. Austin in establishing their colony.

Eugene Campbell Barker Papers, 1785 (1812–1959). (19 ft.)

Papers produced by Barker (1874–1956), University of Texas historian and educator relate to many academic and historical topics, including: Texas-Mexican relations (1827–1834), causes of the Texas Revolution; Stephen F. Austin; Anglo-American settlement in Texas; Austin's Colony; Austin in Mexico; native Latin American contributions to the colonization and independence of Texas. The papers contain correspondence, speeches, lecture notes, research notes, literary productions, class records, scrapbooks, and photographs.

Bexar Archives, 1717–1836. (168 ft.)

Comprising 168 feet of documents, this collection is particularly useful for the investigation of the San Antonio, Nacogdoches, and La Bahia areas. Although documents date back to 1717, much of the archive is dedicated to the post 1800 time period. All aspects of Spanish and Mexican colonial life (military, civil, and ecclesiastical) receive attention in this collection. Documents discuss the foundation and maintenance of missions, presidios, San Antonio and Espiritu Santo, the settlement of Canary Islanders in the area, relationships with Native Americans, slavery, commerce, agriculture, Anglo-American settlement, the Mexican empire, the Texas Revolution, and the Republic of Texas. The collection includes various types of official reports, correspondence, diaries, legal proceedings, powers of attorney, contracts, depositions, affidavits, writs, wills, censuses, briefs, registers, summonses, testimonies, passports, and questionnaires. To aid research, there is a calendar available in the CAH reading room on the reference shelves. The archive is also available on microfilm. A three volume guide titled Guide to the Microfilm Edition of the Bexar Archives aids researchers using the archives in this form. The Bexar Archives (1717–1836): A Name Guide compiled by Adán Benavides Jr. is a valuable tool for locating individuals mentioned in the collection. The guides to the microfilm and the Benavides guide are located on the reference shelves.

J. Gail Borden, Jr. Papers, 1830–1910, 1932–1937. (6 ft. 8 in.)

Papers concern the career of Borden (1801–1874), surveyor, inventor, newspaperman, businessman, and agriculturalist. They relate to Borden's activities as a surveyor for Stephen F. Austin and as establisher of the Telegraph and Texas Register at San Felipe (1835): his activities in helping lay out the site of Houston (1836); his service as collector of the port of Galveston for the Republic of Texas (1837–1838, 1841–1843); his business operations in Galveston (1839–1849); the Borden Home Farm Milk Company; the Borden Company; and other business enterprises and inventions. Materials include account books, contract books, pamphlets, scrapbooks, newspapers, biography, letter-press books, books, and photostats of correspondence. Microfilm holdings include registry of the port of Galveston, letters, and other papers.

Camargo Archives, 1764–1909. (3 ft., 4 in.)

The Camargo Archives includes genealogical resources particularly useful for patrons interested in the Camargo area. The collection includes birth registers that date from 1764 through 1888, marriage registers dating from 1764 to 1913, and death registers dating from 1798 to 1831. All records are associated with the San Agustín Mission and Convent and St. Anne's Parish Church and Vicarage in Camargo. The collection also includes monthly reports of the mission and parish as well as account books. Documentation associated with land title and land claim legal proceedings for the area surrounding Camargo date from the late 19th and early 20th century. Most records are photostat copies of the original Spanish manuscripts and have not been translated.

Carlos Eduardo Castañeda Papers, 1600–1843. (1 in.)

Correspondence, literary productions and other papers of Castañeda (1896–1958), historian and librarian of the Latin American Collection at The University of Texas. Some of the papers are in Spanish. Other materials collected by him related to Spanish and Mexican Texas are included in the inventory of Spanish Materials from Various Sources on the Reference Shelf. The collection includes records transcribed by historian Carlos Castañeda, called "Documents for the Early History of Coahuila and Texas and the Approaches Thereto." The papers relate to "The Corregidor in Spanish Colonial Administration," and include information on the assessment and collection of tithes, María de Jesus de Agreda, Indians, missions, early expeditions to Texas, Reales Cédulas, and other documents concerned with the population of Coahuila and the opening of Texas. Places associated with the collection include Coahuila, Jalisco, Nueva Viscaya, Nuevo Reyno de Galicia, Nuevo Reyno de León, and Nuevo Santander, México.

Nestor and Tacitus Clay Papers, 1802, 1832–1860, 1962. (7 items.)

Nestor Clay (1799–1835) was an early settler of Texas and represented Washington County at the conventions of 1832 and 1833. His son, Tacitus, was an influential businessman in Independence. Their papers include original correspondence and deeds, transcripts of wills, legal documents, biographical information, and family trees of the Clay and Johnson families.

John P. Coles Papers, 1824–1865. (1 vol.)

Photostats of papers concern the career of Coles (1793–1847), early settler of Texas, lawyer, and judge, and relate to land transfers, Stephen F. Austin’s trip to Mexico (1833), family matters, and Coles’ estate. Included are correspondence, financial papers, passport, and legal documents.

Thomas Decrow Letters, 1831–1856. (4 items.)

Photostats of letters from Thomas DeCrow, a carpenter and farmer from Maine, to his father and brother. The letters concern his prosperity in Texas, the estate of his brother Daniel who was one of the Old Three Hundred, and claims against the Republic of Texas.

Adina De Zavala Papers, 1766, 1831–1955. (33 ft., 6 in.)

The majority of the papers in this collection relate to Adina De Zavala's activities as founder of the De Zavala chapter of the Daughters of the Republic of Texas, founder of the Texas Historical and Landmarks Association, and charter member of the Texas State Historical Association. Also included are papers relating to the De Zavala family land holdings and family history. The collection contains several photo albums in which most of the individuals and places are identified.

Lorenzo De Zavala Papers, 1818–1936. (4 in.)

This collection consists of the papers of Lorenzo De Zavala, a public person influential in Mexican and Texan independence movements. The collection includes correspondence with various famous figures such as Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna and Jose Antonio Mexia. Carlos Maria de Bustamante, Vicente Guerrero, and Guadalupe Victoria are also mentioned in the papers. Specifically of interest for family history researchers are papers relating to the Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company, Zavala's colony, and genealogical information on the Zavala family.

Eberstadt Collection, 1699–1959. (4 ft., 9 in.)

This is perhaps the most diverse collection in the archives, including documents associated with colonial mission and presidio records, Texas Revolution and Republic period records, documents associated with the Civil War and Reconstruction, as well as oil industry records. The collection includes a wide variety of civil, ecclesiastical, military, and legal documents. Of particular use to the researcher is an extensive name index in the finding aid that lists all of the people, places, and subjects mentioned in the collection.

Juan B. Elguézabal Papers, 1799–1805. (2 vol.)

Photostat copies of official reports of Juan Bautista Elguézabal, interim governor of Texas. Original manuscripts can be found in the Bexar Archives. The Elguézabal papers describe activities in what is now Bexar county and also the Nacogdoches area. They contain much information on early Anglo-American activity in the area.

James Fisher League Papers, 1824–1899. (1/2 in.)

Papers concern league of land granted to Fisher (b. ca. 1781), who was one of Austin's Old Three Hundred colonists, and consist of deeds, surveys, and other legal papers that trace the history of the land, once in Washington County, now in Burleson County, and known as the Stone Farm. A plat map is included.

Julia E. Nunn Hardy Papers, 1814–1912. (3 in.)

Correspondence (1871–1889), diaries (1835–1865), account papers (1837–1901), legal papers (1814–1873), scrapbook (ca. 1863–1870), genealogical material and imprints of Julia Elizabeth Nunn Hardy relate to Thomas Nunn primarily, land transactions, crop production, business affairs and family history in Texas.

Laredo (Texas) Records, 1749–1866. (3 ft., 11 in.)

Material in this collection dates from 1749 to 1866. It includes records, business and legal documents concerning the official, municipal, church and social affairs of Laredo during the Spanish and Mexican periods. Land allotments, boundary surveys, tax renditions, wills, estate records, post office records, criminal litigation, decrees, laws, ordinances, census reports, statistics, and official correspondence are all included in the collection.

Mier Archives, 1767–1864. (5 in.)

This collection contains records from Mier, México dating from 1767 to 1864. Included are marriage registers, baptism registers, and death registers. All items in this collection are photostat typescript copies of the original Spanish manuscripts.

Natchez Trace Collection, 1759–1865. (450 ft.)

This important collection details all facets of civil, social, cultural, and economic life in the Natchez areas of Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas under U.S., Mexican, French, and Spanish rule. The collection contains numerous plantation records and family records. It is an excellent resource for the study of slavery. The collection also includes wills, lawsuits, estate inventories, property transfers, marriage records, and contracts. Because of its size and complexity, the collection is broken down into smaller collections, including the "Natchez Trace Broadside Collection," "Natchez Trace Civil War Collection," "Natchez Trace Collection Photographs," "Natchez Trace Collection Provincial and Territorial Records," "Natchez Trace Collection Sheet Music," "Natchez Trace Crime and Punishment Collection," "Natchez Trace Map Collection," "Natchez Trace Railroad Collection," "Natchez Trace Slaves and Slavery Collection," "Natchez Trace Small Manuscript Collections," and "Natchez Trace Steamboat Collection." Plantation records are found in the "Natchez Trace Collection" inventories by individual family or plantation name.

Stephen F. Powers Papers, 1777–1885. (1 ft., 3 in.)

The Powers Papers consist primarily of legal documents associated with land sales and grants in Reynosa, México, and Hidalgo and Laredo counties, Texas.

Reynosa Archives, 1820–1892. (3 ft., 3 in.)

Material in this collection is especially useful for research relating to the Camargo, Reynosa, and Brownsville areas between 1820 and 1892. The collection contains birth registers that date from 1820 through 1892 and marriage registers from 1829 through 1837. Family records include information on parents and place of birth. These are available in Spanish. However, the material in the English translations is easier to access. The translations include family information for people with last names starting with the letters B, C, F, G, L, M, 0, P, R, S, and V.

Francis William Seabury Papers, 1714–1956. (11 ft., 5 in.)

This collection includes material that dates from 1714 to 1956. Along with a great deal of information on the Seabury family business affairs, the collection contains correspondence, wills, funeral notices, power of attorney notices, marriage licenses, surveys, and family trees. An index for the family trees is located in the manuscript portion of the collection. The trees themselves are available on microfilm. Places associated with the collection include Camargo, Mier, and Reynosa, México; Brownsville, Duval County, Rio Grande City, the Rio Grande Valley, Starr County and Zapata County, Texas. Two guides to the Seabury family tree and genealogical records, Family Tree Book and Index to Family Tree Book, are located in the Reading Room.

James B. Wells Papers, 1837–1926. (72 ft., 11 in.)

This extensive collection contains papers pertaining to the career of James B. Wells, attorney and administrator of the King Ranch. Places associated with the collection include Matamoros, México, Austin, Beeville, Brownsville, Cameron County, Corpus Christi, Edinburg, Fort Brown, Galveston, Hidalgo, Laredo, Ringgold Barracks, Rio Grande City, Rockport, and San Diego. The papers address commercial, cultural, governmental, military, industrial, political, and social issues in the areas discussed. Of particular use to the genealogist are the numerous wills, abstracts, and other legal documents included in the collection. Although the material in this collection details events and transactions after the colonial period, land transaction records do contain information pertinent to researchers focusing on the earlier time periods.


Spanish Material from Various Source Collections, 1600–1890

This is a large collection that encompasses a wide variety of material that dates from the seventeenth through the nineteenth century. Materials are in English and Spanish. Some records are typescript copies, others are photostat copies of the original manuscripts. There are numerous documents associated with legal transactions involving land, including deeds, titles, claims, and wills. Surveys and distribution plans associated with royal visitations are also found in the collection. Most volumes in the collection are preceded by calendars that list documents found in each volume.

Of interest to researchers interested in mission history are the records of numerous missions in Texas, New México, and California. While some of these records describe mundane details of daily mission life and interactions with mission Indians, other records report violent conflicts with Indians that remained hostile to the Spanish presence. The collection includes archival records associated with several sites in Texas and México. Subcollections of the Spanish Materials from Various Sources Collection include:

San Antonio Archives, 1805–1890.

This material dates from 1805 through 1890 and is associated with the governance of the city of San Antonio. Records from 1805 to 1837 are photostat copies of the original Spanish manuscripts. Included are city council election results, the minutes of city council meetings, rosters of mayors and aldermen, and summaries of ordinances implemented.

San Francisco el Grande Archives , 1673–1800.

These are photostat copies of original manuscripts in Spanish pertaining to the early settlement and mission process in Texas and Coahuila. Volumes that cover the seventeenth and eighteenth century describe the establishment and maintenance of presidios in the area. Some of these documents include lists of soldiers stationed in the presidios during this period. Reports relating to the settlement of the San Antonio area bear the signatures of the principal settlers in San Antonio dating from 1745. These archives also contain numerous descriptions of mission life through correspondence, official reports, and diary entries. The evolution of the relationship between missionaries and local Indians and between mission Indians and non-mission settlers figures prominently in these papers. Some mission reports include brief baptismal records for Indian converts. This subcollection includes a calendar that lists all items in the collection.

Documents for the Early History of Coahuila and Texas and the Approaches Thereto, 1600–1843.

These are photostat copies of original manuscripts associated with the early colonial history of Texas. Many of the volumes of documents describe early missions and the process of Spanish colonization in Texas and Coahuila. The documents also discuss the establishment and maintenance of presidios in the area. This subcollection includes a calendar that lists all items in the collection.

Matamoros Archives, 1811–1859.

Documents dating from 1811 to 1822 relate to royal administration of México during the Independence period. Included are decrees and orders from viceroys and other officials in México and Spain. Documents dating from 1823 deal with administrative issues in México. Refugio, Matamoros, and Ciudad Victoria figure prominently in these papers. Included are numerous types of lists of citizens of each of these locations. These archives also contain incomplete runs of several different newspapers, including El Mercurio de Matamoros (1836), Atalaya (1836), El Restaurador de Tamaulipas (1833), La Columna de la Constitucion (1833), El Argos (1833), El Telegrafo (1833), and La Democrata (1833). This subcollection includes a calendar that lists all items in the collection.

Laredo Archives, 1749–1836.

Documents in this archive provide useful information for the study of the Laredo area in the late colonial period. Documents include official correspondence between secular and religious officials in Laredo and other colonial officials, wills of residents of the area, reports on relations with Indians, and reports on economic issues. This collection does not have a calendar.

Nacogdoches Archives, 1731–1836.

This large archive contains a great deal of useful genealogical information on the Nacogdoches area. The collection contains much correspondence directed to Mexican political officials in the Nacogdoches area. It also contains various types of legal documents as well as official decrees. Numerous lists are provided, including lists of eligible voters and election results for Nacogdoches, as well as the names of individuals serving on juries, and muster rolls of the Texas Revolution.
Vital statistics reporting the number of births, marriages, and deaths are particularly interesting. These lists do not provide the names of individuals, but they do report whether the individual was free (white) or slave, the month that the birth, death, or marriage occurred, and the age at which the event occurred. Statistical census information is broken down according to marital status (single, married, widowed), gender, and age. Included are the number of individuals engaged in different occupations, the number of schools in the area, and the number of students. These documents also provide lists of prisons and prisoners (by gender), hospitals and patients (by gender), cemeteries, factories, public areas, springs, ranches, plantations, and farms. Censuses of this type are included for several towns in the State of Coahuila and Texas. Complete censuses, including names, civil status, occupation, religion, and age are available for a number of years for several communities in the Nacogdoches area. Some of these censuses include the number of slaves owned by an individual, although they do not list the slaves' names, civil status, or ages. Finally, this collection includes the certificates of admission giving non-Mexican citizens permission to settle in Texas. The calendar for the collection only covers the 1729 to 1819 time period. Most documents are transcribed, typewritten copies of the original manuscripts. English translations are available for the 1825 to 1833 time period.

Saltillo Archives, 1689–1876.

These documents provide much useful information on the early mission and presidio history of Texas and Coahuila. They report relationships with civil, military, and religious officials, Native Americans and Hispanic settlers. Nineteenth century documents detail early non-Hispanic settlement in Texas. This subcollection includes a calendar that lists all documents in the collection dating from 1689 to 1876. It also includes translations of documents dating from 1824 to 1832.


Selected Publications Available at the Center for American History

Abernethy, Francis Edward . The Spanish in East Texas, 1542 to 1838 : a publication of Historic Nacogdoches, Inc. Nacogdoches, Tex. : Stephen F. Austin State University, 1998.

Alessio Robles, Vito. Coahuila y Texas en la epoca colonial. México City: Editorial Cultura, 1938.

Almaraz, Felix D. Crossroad of Empire: The Church and State on the Rio Grande Frontier of Coahuila and Texas, 1700–1821. San Antonio: University of Texas at San Antonio, Center for Archaeological Research, 1979.

Almonte, Juan Nepomuceno. Juan N. Almonte's 1834 Inspection, Secret Report, and Role in the 1836 Campaign. Austin : Published by the Texas State Historical Association in cooperation with the Center for Studies in Texas History at the University of Texas at Austin, c2003.

Anderson, Gary Clayton. The Conquest of Texas : Ethnic Cleansing in the Promised Land, 1820–1875. Norman : University of Oklahoma Press, c2005.

Ashford, Gerald. Spanish Texas: Yesterday and Today. Austin: Jenkins Publishing Co., 1971.

Austin, Stephen Fuller. Stephen F. Austin's Register of families : from the originals in the General Land Office, Austin, Texas / edited by Villamae Williams. [U.S.] : V. Williams ; [St. Louis, Mo. : Distributed by Ingmire Publications ; Nacogdoches, Tex. : Distributed by Ericson Books, c1984]

Bancroft, Hubert H.. History of North Mexican States and Texas. 2 vols. San Francisco: History Co., 1886–1889.

Bannon, John Francis. The Spanish Borderlands Frontier, 1513–1821. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1970.

Barker, Eugene Campbell. Notes on the Colonization of Texas. Austin: Texas State Historical Quarterly, 1924.

_____. The Influence of slavery in the colonization of Texas. [Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1924. CAH rare copies in a collection with binder’s title: Studies in Texas history, chiefly of the revolutionary period.

Beers, Henry Putney. Spanish and Mexican Records of the American Southwest. Tuscon: University of Arizona Press, 1979.

Bolton, Herbert F. Athanase de Mezieres and the Louisiana-Texas Frontier, 1768–1780. Cleveland: The Arthur H. Clark Co., 1914.

_____. Bolton and the Spanish Borderlands. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1964.

_____. The Colonization of North America, 1492–1783. New York: Mac Millan, 1923.

_____. Coronado, Knight of the Pueblos and Plains. Albuquerque: University of New México Press, 1949.

_____. The Spanish Abandonment and Reoccupation of East Texas, 1773–1779. Austin: s.n., 1906.

_____. Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542–1706. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1959.

_____. Guide to Materials for the History of the United States in the Principal Archives of México. New York: Kraus Reprint Corp., 1965.

_____. Texas in the Middle Eighteenth Century: Studies in Spanish Colonial History and Administration. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1970.

Bowden, Jocelyn J. Spanish and Mexican Land Grants in the Chihuahuan Acquisition. El Paso, TX: Texas Western Press, University of Texas at El Paso, 1971.

Brands, H. W. Lone Star Nation: How a Ragged Army of Volunteers Won the Battle for Texas Independence – And Changed America. New York: Doubleday, 2004.

Bugbee, Lester Gladstone. Some Difficulties of a Texas Empresario. Harrisburg, PA: Harrisburg Publishing Co., 1899.

_____. The Texas Frontier., 1820–1825. Harrisburg, PA: Harrisburg Publishing Co, 1900.

Castaneda, Carlos E. Our Catholic Heritage in Texas, 1519–1936. 7 vols. Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones Co., 1936

_____. A Report on the Spanish Archives in San Antonio, Texas. San Antonio: Yanaguana Society, 1937.

Céliz, Fray Francisco. Diary of the Alarcón Expedition into Texas, 1718–1719. Translated by Fritz L. Hoffman. 2 vols. Los Angeles: Quivera Society, 1935.

Chapa, Juan Bautista. Texas and Northeastern México, 1630–1690. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1997.

Chipman, Donald F. Spanish Texas, 1519–1821. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1992.

_____. Explorers and settlers of Spanish Texas. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2001.

Clark, Robert Carlton. The Beginnings of Texas, 1684–1718. Philadelphia: Porcupine Press, 1976.

Crisp, James E. Anglo-Texan-Attitudes Toward the Mexican, 1821–1845. [s.l.: s.n.], 1976. Thesis – Yale University

Davis, Graham. Land!: Irish Pioneers in Mexican and Revolutionary Texas. College Station: Texas A&M Press, c2002.

De La Teja, Jesús F. San Antonio de Béxar: A Community on New Spain's Northern Frontier. University of Texas at Austin, 1988.

De Leon, Arnoldo. Apuntes tejanos. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1978.

_____. Mexican Americans in Texas: A Brief History. Arlington Heights, IL: H. Davidson, 1993.

_____. They Called them Greasers: Anglo Attitudes towards Mexicans in Texas, 1821–1900. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1981.

Edwards, Charles. Texas and Coahuila. New York: Osborn and Buckingham Printers, 1834.

Ericson, Carolyn Reeves. Citizens and Foreigners of the Nacogdoches District, 1809–1836. Nacogdoches, Texas, 1981.

_____. Nacogdoches County Cemetery Records Collected by Joel Barham Burk. Nacogdoches, Texas, 1974.

_____. Nacogdoches - Gateway to Texas: a Biographical Directory, 1773–1849. Fort Worth: Arrow-Curtis Printing Co., 1974.

Gaines, Richard. The Federalist War in Coahuila y Texas, 1832–1835. Gonzales, TX: Clements Creek Press, 1999.

Gómez Canedo, Lino. Primeras exploraciones y poblamiento de Texas, 1686–1694. Monterrey México: Publicaciones del Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores, 1968.

Guerrero Aguilar, Antonio. Aguilar, Antonio. Texas: Tierra de Conflictos y promesas, 1678–1848. [Monterrey, Mexico]: Integración Cultural del Noreste, [2001].

Habig, Marion Alphonse. Spanish Texas Pilgrimage: The Old Franciscan Missions and other Spanish Settlements of Texas, 1632–1821. Chicago: Franciscan Herald Press, 1990.

Hatcher, Mattie Austin. Captain Francisco Amangual Diary, 1808 Expedition from San Antonio to Santa Fe. S.l.: s.n., 1934.

_____. The Expedition of Don Domingo Teran de los Rios into Texas. Austin, 1934.

_____. Letters of an Early American Traveler, Mary Austin Holley; Her Life and Her Works, 1784–1846. Dallas: Southwest Press, 1933.

_____. The Opening of Texas to Foreign Settlement, 1801–1821. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1927.

Hatley, Allen G. The Indian Wars in Stephen F. Austin’s Texas Colony, 1822–1835. Austin: Eakin Press, 2001.

Hinojosa, Gilberto Miguel. A Borderlands Town in Transition: Laredo, 1755–1870. College Station, TX: Texas A&M Press, 1983.

Hughes, Arin E. The Beginnings of Spanish Settlement in the El Paso District. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1914.

Institute of Texan Cultures. The Spanish Texans. San Antonio: Institute of Texan Cultures, 1972.

Inventory of the Colonial Archives of Texas, 1821–1837. San Antonio: Historical Records Survey, 1937–.

Jackson, Jack. Indian Agent: Peter Ellis Bean in Mexican Texas. College Station, Texas: Texas A & M University Press, 2005.

Jones, Oakah L. Los Paisanos, Spanish Settlers on the Northern Frontier of New Spain. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1979.

Kessel, John L. Spain in the Southwest: A Narrative History of Colonial New Mexico, Arizona, Texas and California. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 2002.

Linehan, John Cornelius. The Irish Pioneers of Texas. [New York?: American-Irish Historical Society, 1899.]

Lockhart, John Washington. Sixty Years on the Brazos; the Life and Letters of Dr. John Washington Lockhart, 1824–1900, by Mrs. Jonnie Lockhart Wallis in association with Laurance L. Hill. Los Angeles, California: Priv. Print. [Press of Dunn Bros.], 1930.

Lowrey, Flora. Peter Ellis Bean: A Typical Filibuster of Early Texas History. 1945. Thesis (M.A.) – Southern Methodist University, Dallas, 1945.

Lowrie, Samuel Harman. Culture Conflict in Texas, 1821–1835. New York: Columbia University Press, 1932.

Lukes, Edward A. De Witt Colony of Texas. Austin: Jenkins Publishing Company, 1976.

Martinez, Antonio. The Letters of Antonio Martinez, Last Spanish Governor of Texas. Austin: Texas State Library, 1957.

Matovina, Timothy M. Tejano Religion and Ethnicity: San Antonio, 1821–1860. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1995.

McWilliams, Carey. North from México: The Spanish Speaking People of the United States. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co., 1949.

Mier y Teran, Manuel de. Texas by Teran: The Diary Kept by General Manuel de Mier y Teran on His 1828 Inspection of Texas. Edited by Jack Jackson; translated by John Wheat. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2000.

Montejano, David. Anglos and Mexicans in the Making of Texas, 1836–1986. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1987.

Moore, R. Woods. The Role of the Baron de Bastrop in the Anglo-American Settlement of the Spanish Southwest. These (M.A.) – University of Texas, 1932.

Morfi, Juan Agustin. History of Texas, 1673–1779. Albuquerque: The Quivira Society, 1935.

Morrison, Richard. Eyewitness Texana: A Bibliography of Firsthand Accounts of Texas Before 1860. Austin: W. M. Morrison Books, 1992.

Mullins, Marion D. The First Census of Texas, 1829–1836. Washington, D.C.: National Genealogical Society, 1962.

Mundo Lo, Sara de. Bibliography of Hispanic American Collective Biography. Boston: G.K. Hall and Co., 1980.

Nine Grants in Fee Simple of Eleven Leagues ... Located on the Rio Nueces. Texas: n.p., 1935.

O’Neill, Neal John. The Guide to Texas. Observations, Historical, Geographical, Topographical, Statistical, Descriptive and Political… Dublin: Printed [by Joseph Blundell] for the principal booksellers in England, Ireland, and Scotland, 1834.

O'Rourke, Thomas P. The Franciscan Missions in Texas, 1690–1793. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America, 1927.

Poyo, Gerald F., ed. Tejano Journey, 1770–1850. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1996.

Reséndez, Andrés. Changing National Identities at the Frontier: Texas and New Mexico, 1800–1850. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Richardson, Rupert N. Texas: The Lone Star State. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1988.

Rosenbaum, Robert J. The History of Mexican Americans in Texas: A Preliminary Survey. Boston: American Press, 1980.

Rubio, Abel G. Stolen Heritage: A Mexican American's Rediscovery of his Family's Lost Land Grant. Austin: Eakin Press, 1986.

Sánchez, Ramiro. Frontier Odyssey: Early Life in a Texas Spanish Town. Austin: Jenkins Publishing Co., 1981.

Scott, Florence, J. Historical Heritage of the Lower Rio Grande. 3rd ed. Rio Grande City, Texas: La Retama Press, 1972.

Sonnichsen, C.L. Pass of the North: Four Centuries on the Rio Grande. El Paso, Texas: Texas Western Press, 1968.

Stiff, Edward. The Texan Emigrant: Being a Narration of the Adventures [of the Author in Texas, and a Description] of the Soil, Climate, Productions, Minerals…Together with the Principal Incidents of Fifteen Years Revolution in Mexico: and Embracing a Condensed Statement of Interesting Events in Texas, From the First European Settlement in 1692, Down to the Year 1840. Waco, Texas: Texian Press, 1968.

Syers, William Edward. Texas, the Beginning, 1519–1834. Waco, TX: Texian Press, 1978.

Tejano Journey, 1770–1850. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1996.

Texas General Land Office. An Abstract of the Original Titles of Records in the General Land Office of Texas. Austin: Pemberton Press, 1964.

_____. Guide to Spanish and Mexican Land Grants in South Texas. Austin: General Land Office, 1988.

Tijerina, Andrés. Tejanos and Texas: The Native Mexicans of Texas, 1820–1850. Austin: S.N., 1977.

_____. Tejanos and Texas Under the Mexican Flag, 1821–1836. College Station, Texas: Texas A & M University Press, 1994.

Timmons, Wilbert H. The Anglo-Americans Advance into Texas, 1810–1830. Boston: American Press, 1981.

_____. "The El Paso Area in the Mexican Period, 1821–1848." Southwestern Historical Quarterly 84 (July,1980).

_____. "The Population of the El Paso Area - A Census of 1784." New México Historical Review 52 (October, 1977).

Tinch, Helen Pearl. Days of Colonial Texas. Houston: American Museum Society of Houston Baptist College, n.d.

Twitchell, Ralph F. The Spanish Archives of New México. Cedar Rapids, IA: Torch Press, 1914.

Weber, David J. The Mexican Frontier, 1821–1846: The American Southwest under México. Albuquerque: University of New México Press, 1982.

_____. New Spain's Northern Frontier: Essays on Spain in the American West, 1540–1821. Albuquerque: University of New México Press, 1979.

_____. The Spanish Frontier in North America. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.

Weber, David J., ed. Troubles in Texas, 1832: A Tejano Viewpoint from San Antonio. Dallas: Wind River Press, 1983.

Weddle, Robert S. San Juan Bautista: Gateway to Spanish Texas. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1968.

_____. The San Saba Mission: Spanish Pivot in Texas. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1964.

Welsh, Agatha Maverick. The First Explorers of Texas: 1527–1537. S.l.: s.n., n.d.

White, Gifford E. The 1840 Census of the Republic of Texas. Austin: Pemberton Press, 1966.

Yoakum, Henderson K. History of Texas from its First Settlement in 1685 to its Annexation to the United States in 1846. Austin: Steck, 1953.




Other Resources Available at the Benson Latin American Center

Almaraz, Felix D. Empty Echoes in a Howling Wind: Myths and Realities in the Tejano Community, from Cabeza de Vaca to Santa Anna. El Paso, TX: University of Texas El Paso Press, 1986.

Benson, Nettie Lee. Texas as Viewed from México, 1820–1834. S.l.: s.n., 1987.

Bolton, Herbert E. The Beginnings of Mission Nuestra Senora del Refugio. S.l.: s.n., n.d.

Christian, Jane MacNab. Spanish in the Southwest: An Historical Survey. 1963.

De La Garza, Rodolfo 0. Texas Land Grants and Chicano Mexican Relations: A Case Study. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1986.

De Leon, Arnoldo. La cominidad tejana. México City: Fondo de Cultura Econ6mica, 1988.

Gamio, Manuel. The Mexican Immigrant. New York: New York Times/ Arno Press, 1969.

Garcia, Genero, ed. Historia de Nuevo Leon: Con noticias sobre Coahuila, Texas, y Nuevo México. México City: Libreria de la Vda. de Ch. Bouret, 1909.

Garcia, Richard A., comp. and ed. The Chicanos in America, 1540–1974: A Chronology and Fact Book. Dobbs Ferry, NY: Oceana Publications, 1977.

Gomez, Mardonio. Compendio de historia antigua completa de Coahuila y Texas. Saltillo: n.p., 1990, 1927. (microfilm of original edition)

Gutierrez Ibarra, Celia. Como México perdió Texas: analisis y transcripción del informe secreto de Juan Nepomuceno Almonte. México City: Instituto Nacional de Antropologia e Historia, 1987.

Knowlton, Clark S. Spanish and Mexican Land Grants in the Southwest: A Symposium. Fort Collins, CO: The Social Science Journal, 1976.

The Los Bexareños Genealogical Newsletter. San Antonio: The Society, 1986.

Los Bexareños Genealogical Register. San Antonio: Los Bexareños Genealogical Society, 1987.

Lund, Harry. Harry Lund Collection, 1594–1967. (manuscripts)

Mechan, J.L. "Northern Expansion of New Spain, 1522–1822: A Selective Descriptive Bibliographical List." Hispanic American Historical Review 1 (1927).

Meier, Matt S. and Feliciano Ribera. Mexican Americans, American Mexicans: From Conquistadors to Chicanos. New York: Hill and Wang, 1993.

Mundo Lo, Sara de. Index to Spanish American Collective Biography. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1981.

Nogales, Luis G. The Mexican Americans: A Selected and Annotated Bibliography. Stanford: Stanford University Press, k1971.

O'Gorman, Edmundo. Historia de las divisiones territoriales de México. 4th ed. México City: Editorial Porrua, 1968.

Platt, Lyman De. Genealogical-Historical Guide to Latin America. Detroit: Gale Publishing Co., 1978.

_____. Hispanic Surnames and Family History. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1996.

_____. Latin American Census Records. Salt Lake City: Instituto Genealogico e Historico Latinoamericano, 1989.

Robles, Vito Alessio. Acapulco, Saltillo, y Monterrey en la historia y en la leyenda. México City: Editoral Porida, 1978.

______. Coahuila y Texas, desde la consumación de la independencia hasta el trato de paz de Guadalupe Hidalgo. México: n.p., 1945–1946.

Secretaria de Gobernacion Indice del ramo de provincias internas. 2 vols. México City: Archivo General de la Nación, 1967.

Weber, David J. Foreigners in their Native Land: Historical Roots of the Mexican Americans. Albuquerque: University of New México, 1973.

Woods, Richard D. Reference Materials on Mexican Americans: An Annotated Bibliography. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1976.

_____, and Grace Alvarez-Altman. Spanish Surnames in Southwestern United States: A Dictionary. Boston: G.K. Hall and Co., 1978.